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HER Number:MDV110522
Name:Orchard Banks and Field Boundary North West of Great Bowley.

Summary

The remains of possible post-medieval to 19th century banks made for tree planting and drainage are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of 1946 and digital images derived from lidar data captured in 2012 to the immediate north-west of Great Bowley. Earthwork banks are likely to survive.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 905 042
Map Sheet:SS90SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCadbury
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCADBURY

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1840 AD (Between))
  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1840 AD? (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3261 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Linear earthwork banks are visible.


Environment Agency, 2005-2012, LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SS9004 Environment Agency JPEG DTM 14-20 Feb 2012 (Cartographic). SDV357033.

Linear earthwork banks are visible.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The remains of possible post-medieval to 19th century banks made for tree planting and drainage are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of 1946 and digital images derived from lidar data captured in 2012 to the immediate north-west of Great Bowley.
Their alignment is roughly north-west to south-east ,cross-contour and aligned on a natural drainage hollow, and they are interpreted as fruit tree planting banks of probable post-medieval to 19th century date that were probably made to enhance drainage within an orchard.
The banks do not correspond with any orchards depicted on the Tithe Map for Cadbury or the Ordnance Survey 25 inch map. They might therefore be interpreted as evidence of an orchard that passed out of use prior to the 1840s or simply as evidence for agricultural drainage.
A relict boundary bank and ditch of possible medieval origin define the southern edge of the improved area. The possible drainage ditches and relict boundary are both cut by an open ditch of modern date in 1946.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3261 04-NOV-1946. [Mapped feature: #69955 ]
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357033Cartographic: Environment Agency. 2005-2012. LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SS9004 Environment Agency JPEG DTM 14-20 Feb 2012.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Mar 23 2015 3:31PM