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HER Number:MDV110525
Name:Orchard Drainage Banks East of East Bowley

Summary

The remains of probable post-medieval to 19th century date banks made for tree planting and drainage were visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards and digital images derived from lidar data captured in 2012 as earthworks east of East Bowley, Cadbury. Earthwork banks are likely to survive.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 913 038
Map Sheet:SS90SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCadbury
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCADBURY

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XX - 1540 AD to 1947 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

The earthworks banks correspond with areas symbolised as orchards. Map object based partly on this source.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The earthworks banks do not orrespond with areas symbolised as an orchards.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3259-3260 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Earthwork banks are visible. Map object based partly on this source.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SS9103 Environment Agency JPEG DSM 14-20 Feb 2012 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

Linear earthwork banks are visible. Map object based partly on this source.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The remains of probable post-medieval to 19th century date banks made for tree planting and drainage were visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and digital images derived from lidar data captured in 2012 as earthworks to the immediate north of East Bowley, Cadbury.
Their alignment is obliquely cross-contour and orientated on a narrow and shallow combe at the eastern edge of the group; they are interpreted as fruit tree planting banks of probable post-medieval to 19th century date that were probably made to enhance drainage within an orchard.
The banks coincide with the southern end of an orchard depicted on the Tithe Map for Cadbury, between the farmsteads of Middle Bowley and East Bowley. By the later 19th century the settlement of East Bowley, and the southern part of the orchard that coincided with the banks, have both fallen out of use and are not depicted on the Ordnance Survey 25 inch first edition map.
The surviving earthwork banks were transcribed from digital images derived from lidar data and are likely to survive as low earthwork banks.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3259-3260 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SS9103 Environment Agency JPEG DSM 14-20 Feb 2012.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Mar 23 2015 4:54PM