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HER Number:MDV110562
Name:Catch Meadow West of Upcott Lane and South of Upcott Barton

Summary

A possible catch meadow of probable post-medieval to early twentieth century date was visible on images from aerial photographs from 1940s to digital images derived from lidar data captured between 2005 to 2012, to the west of Upcott Lane and south of Upcott Barton.
Catch meadows are usually found on combe or hill slopes and are designed to irrigate pasture by diverting water from a spring or stream and passing it along the slope via a series of roughly parallel channels or gutters. When irrigation was required the gutters were blocked, causing water to overflow from gutter to gutter, thereby irrigating the slopes below. The catch meadow gutters have probably mostly been levelled.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 924 035
Map Sheet:SS90SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCadbury
Civil ParishThorverton
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTHORVERTON
Ecclesiastical ParishCADBURY

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CATCH MEADOW (Post Medieval to XX - 1540 AD to 1989 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3257-3258 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Curvilinear earthwork ditches are visible. Map objects based on this source.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SS9203 Environment Agency JPEG DSM 205-2012 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

Curvilinear earthwork ditches are visible. Map objects based on this source.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

A possible catch meadow of probable post-medieval to early twentieth century date was visible on images from aerial photographs from 1940s to digital images derived from lidar data captured between 2005 to 2012, on the south-west facing slopes of a narrow combe to the west of Upcott Lane and south of Upcott Barton.
Many catch meadow systems are believed to date to the post medieval period, although it is likely that they were first developed in the medieval period and often continued in use into the twentieth century. Catch meadows provided a simple, inexpensive and effective form of irrigation. When irrigation was required water was diverted from a source such as a pond, river, spring or spring-fed stream and passed along the meadow slopes via one or more of the gutters, which was then caused to overflow. The lower, roughly parallel gutters then ‘caught’ and redistributed water passing it evenly over the surface of a meadow below. The gently flowing water prevented the ground freezing in winter and encouraged early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock, particularly important during the hungry gap of March and April.
The possible gutters remained visible as earthworks on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 2005 and 2012, and are therefore likely to survey as shllow earthworks ditches.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3257-3258 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SS9203 Environment Agency JPEG DSM 205-2012.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Mar 24 2015 10:40AM