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HER Number:MDV112373
Name:Former Orchard south of Crannaford House, Broadcylst

Summary

The remains of a small area of probable post-medieval to 19th century ridges made for fruit tree planting and drainage were visible as earthwork banks to the south of Crannaford House, Broadcylst, on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards. The banks have probably been levelled.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 012 959
Map Sheet:SY09NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBroad Clyst
DistrictEast Devon

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1880 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4066-4067 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356902.

Linear earthwork banks are visible south of Crannaford House.

Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SY0094 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-Dec-2005 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

The linear earthwork banks are not visible.

Ordnance Survey, 2000, OS/00980, LIDAR SY0094 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-Dec-2005 (Aerial Photograph). SDV358395.

Linear earthwork banks remain visible.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The remains of a former field boundary and earthwork ridges were visible on aerial photographs of 1946 to the south of Crannaford house, Broadcylst.
The banks were between circa 5 to 6 metres in width and extend over an area of circa 2000 square metres.
They are interpreted as probable fruit tree planting banks of post-medieval to 19th century date, made to enhance drainage within an orchard. The banks correspond with a parcel of land listed on the Tithe Apportionments for Broadclyst of 1844 as an orchard. The railway was subsequently cut through the former field pattern and passed immediately to the north of the former orchard. The orchard and many of the neighbouring field boundaries south of the track but north of the adjacent stream, are not depicted on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25 inch map and were probably removed by the mid-1880s.
The former orchard banks remained visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of 2000, but were not clearly identifiable on digital images derived from lidar data captured in 2005, and may have been levelled.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV356902Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4066-4067 04-NOV-1946. [Mapped feature: #71770 ]
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SY0094 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-Dec-2005.
SDV358395Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 2000. OS/00980. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). LIDAR SY0094 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-Dec-2005.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Mar 13 2020 7:51AM