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HER Number:MDV112399
Name:Orchards West and East of Southbrook House, Rockbeare

Summary

The remains of probable post-medieval to 20th century ridges made for fruit tree planting and drainage were visible as earthwork banks to the immediate west and east of Southbrook House, formerly Higher Southbrook, Rockbeare, on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards and digital images derived from lidar data. The ridges probably survive as low earthwork banks.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 024 961
Map Sheet:SY09NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishRockbeare
DistrictEast Devon

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to Late 20th Century - 1540 AD to 1989 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

A settlement or famstead was previously located to the east of Southbrook Lane.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Orchards are depicted west and east of Southbrook House.

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1974, RAF/CPE/UK/1974 FP 31319-3140 11-APR-1947 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356127.

Earthwork banks are visible under light tree cover.

Ordnance Survey, 1989, OS/89277, OS/89277 V 75-76 14-JUN-1989 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356291.

Earthwork banks are visible.

Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SY0096 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-Dec-2005 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

Earthwork banks are visible.

Ordnance Survey, 2000, OS/00980, OS/00980 217-218 19-MAR-00 (Aerial Photograph). SDV358395.

Earthwork banks are visible.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The remains of probable post-medieval to 20th century ridges made for fruit tree planting and drainage were visible as earthwork banks to the immediate west and east of Southbrook House, formerly Higher Southbrook, Rockbeare, on aerial photographs of the 1940s and digital images derived from lidar data.
The banks were approximately 6 to 7 metres wide and aligned cross contour. They fell within the area of orchards depicted on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25inch map. Those to the east of Southbrook House had originally probably been associated with a farmstead east of Southbrook Lane, depicted on the Tithe Map for Rockbeare, but removed by the 1880s.
The orchards had been largely cleared of trees by 1989 but retained a very light tree cover in places. The relict ridges remain visble as slight earthwork banks on digital images derived from lidar data captured in 2005, and probably survive as low earthwork banks.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV356127Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1974. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1974 FP 31319-3140 11-APR-1947.
SDV356291Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1989. OS/89277. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). OS/89277 V 75-76 14-JUN-1989.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SY0096 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-Dec-2005. [Mapped feature: #71796 ]
SDV358395Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 2000. OS/00980. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). OS/00980 217-218 19-MAR-00.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)
  • EDV4910 - A Programme of Archaeological Assessment and Evaluation between Blue Hayes and Southbrook, East Devon

Date Last Edited:Nov 26 2020 7:48AM