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HER Number:MDV112403
Name:Orchard South East of Lower Southbrook, Rockbeare

Summary

The remains of field boundaries and probable post-medieval to 19th century ridges made for fruit tree planting and drainage were visible as earthwork banks to the south-east of Lower Southbrook, Rockbeare, on aerial photographs and digital images derived from lidar data. The ridges probably survive as low earthwork banks.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 024 962
Map Sheet:SY09NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishRockbeare
DistrictEast Devon

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Early Medieval to XIX - 1066 AD to 1880 AD (Between))
  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1880 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

The ditches correspond with depicted field boundaries.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The ditches and banks do not correspond with any depicted map features.

Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SY0296 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-Dec-2005 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

Earthwork banks and ditches were visible.

Ordnance Survey, 2000, OS/00980, OS/00980 217-218 19-MAR-00 (Aerial Photograph). SDV358395.

Earthwork banks were visible.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The remains of field boundaries probable post-medieval to 20th century ridges made for fruit tree planting and drainage were visible as earthwork banks to the south-east of Lower Southbrook, Rockbeare, on aerial photographs and digital images derived from lidar data.
Curvilinear earthwork ditches correspond with field boundaries of possible medieval origin depicted on the Tithe Map for Rockbeare, and as such have not been transcribed. The boundaries are not shown on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25inch map.
A small area of parallel earthwork banks, approximately 5 metres wide, was centred on circa SY023963, probably aligned on a nearby stream. The banks did not correspond with any orchard depicted on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25inch map, but strongly resemble other evidence of relict orchards to the south; this supports the interpretation that the orchard passed out of use prior to the 1880s.
The relict ridges probably survive as low earthwork banks.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SY0296 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-Dec-2005. [Mapped feature: #71801 ]
SDV358395Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 2000. OS/00980. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). OS/00980 217-218 19-MAR-00.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Nov 26 2020 7:48AM