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HER Number:MDV112473
Name:Orchard East of Whimple

Summary

The remains of ridges probably made for fruit tree planting and drainage improvement in an orchard of post-medieval period to 20th century date were visible on aerial photographs and digital images derived from lidar data as earthwork banks to the east of Whimple. The relict ridges probably survive as low earthwork banks.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 048 972
Map Sheet:SY09NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishWhimple
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWHIMPLE

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XX - 1540 AD to 1946 AD? (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

An orchard is depicted.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3159-3160 04-NOV-1946 - Planted (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

The orchard was heavily planted.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SY0496 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-DEC-2005 7 5-MAR-2010 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

Earthwork banks were visible.


Next Perspectives, 2010, Aerial Photography for Great Britain, Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0497 22-MAY-2010 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356259.

A few trees are visible planted on the earthwork banks.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The remains of ridges probably made for fruit tree planting and drainage improvement in an orchard of post-medieval period to 20th century date were visible on aerial photographs and digital images derived from lidar data as earthwork banks to the east of Whimple.
The banks measured approximately 7 metres wide and were aligned north to south across the contours of a south and west facing slope, probably to drain into a stream to the south.
The banks correspond with an orchards depicted on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25inch map, and remained planted with trees into the mid-1940s. A very light scattering of trees remains visible on aerial photographs of 2010 which might support the interpretation that the orchard was cultivated to a very limited extent, and the relict ridges probably survive as low earthwork banks.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3159-3160 04-NOV-1946 - Planted.
SDV356259Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2010. Aerial Photography for Great Britain. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0497 22-MAY-2010.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SY0496 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-DEC-2005 7 5-MAR-2010. [Mapped feature: #71855 ]

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Jun 10 2015 5:40PM