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HER Number:MDV112476
Name:Orchards at Holway Farm, Whimple

Summary

The remains of ridges probably made for fruit tree planting and drainage improvement in an orchard of post-medieval period to 20th century date were visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s to the immediate south-east of Rull Farm, Whimple. The ridges have probably been levelled.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 043 979
Map Sheet:SY09NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishWhimple
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWHIMPLE

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XX - 1540 AD to 1946 AD? (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

An orchard is depicted.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3160-61 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Earthwork banks were visible.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SY0496 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-DEC-2005 7 5-MAR-2010 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

The earthwork banks cannot be seen due to modern garden planting and landscaping.


Next Perspectives, 2010, Aerial Photography for Great Britain, Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0497 22-MAY-2010 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356259.

The earthwork banks cannot be seen due to modern garden planting and landscaping.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The remains of ridges probably made for fruit tree planting and drainage improvement in an orchard of post-medieval period to 20th century date were visible on aerial photographs and digital images derived from lidar data as earthwork banks in three plots at Holway Farm, Whimple.
The banks measured approximately 3 to 5 metres wide and were aligned across the contours of the slope to the south and south-west of the farm.
Each area of banks corresponded with an orchard plot depicted on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25inch map. The orchards remained densely planted with trees into the mid-1960s, and light planting of trees remains visible two of the plots on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2010. The third plot, centred on circa SY048976, has been cleared of trees.
This probably supports the interpretation that two the orchards remain in use, and the relict ridges probably survive as low earthwork banks.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3160-61 04-NOV-1946. [Mapped feature: #71858 ]
SDV356259Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2010. Aerial Photography for Great Britain. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0497 22-MAY-2010.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SY0496 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-DEC-2005 7 5-MAR-2010.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Aug 17 2017 6:17PM