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HER Number:MDV112478
Name:Orchards at Holway Farm, Whimple

Summary

The remains of ridges probably made for fruit tree planting and drainage improvement in an orchard of post-medieval period to 20th century date were visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s and 1960s to the south of Rull Farm, Whimple. The ridges have probably been levelled.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 044 977
Map Sheet:SY09NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishWhimple
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWHIMPLE

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1880 AD? (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The banks do not correspond with any depicted orchard.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3160-61 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Earthwork banks and ditches of former field boundaries were visible.


BKS Surveys Ltd, 1967, BKS/2822, BKS/2822 V 3037-3038 14-MAR-1967 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354836.

Earthwork banks and ditches of former field boundaries were visible.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SY0496 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-DEC-2005 7 5-MAR-2010 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

The earthwork banks cannot be seen and have probably been levelled.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The remains of ridges probably made for fruit tree planting and drainage improvement in an orchard of post-medieval period to 20th century date were visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s and 1960s on a south-east facing slope to the south of Rull Farm, Whimple.
The banks measured approximately 7 metres wide and were aligned across the contours of the slope to drain into a stream.
The banks did not correspond with an orchard plot depicted on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25inch map which supports the interpretation that the orchard had passed out of use prior to the 1880s. The banks cannot be seen of digital images derived from lidar data of 2005 and 2010 and have probably been levelled. The field boundary that probably enclosed the orchard remained visible as a broad and shallow earthwork ditch to the north-east and south-west, and is recorded separately.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV354836Aerial Photograph: BKS Surveys Ltd. 1967. BKS/2822. BKS Surveys Ltd. Photograph (Paper). BKS/2822 V 3037-3038 14-MAR-1967.
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3160-61 04-NOV-1946. [Mapped feature: #71860 ]
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SY0496 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-DEC-2005 7 5-MAR-2010.

Associated Monuments

MDV112508Related to: Field Boundaries South of Rull Farm, Whimple (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Jun 12 2015 12:58PM