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HER Number:MDV112480
Name:Orchards at The Farm and Banshayes, Whimple

Summary

The extensive remains of ridges probably made for fruit tree planting and improved drainage in orchards of probable post-medieval to 20th century date were visible on aerial photographs and digital images derived from lidar data as earthwork banks at The Farm and Banshayes, Whimple. The relict ridges probably survive as low earthwork banks.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 036 971
Map Sheet:SY09NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishWhimple
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWHIMPLE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XXI - 1540 AD to 2015 AD? (Between))
  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XXI - 1540 AD to 2015 AD? (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The banks correspond in part with depicted orchards.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3160-61 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

The orchard was planted with relatively young trees.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SY0296-SY0496 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-DEC-2005 7 5-MAR-2010 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

Linear earthwork banks were visible.


Next Perspectives, 2010, Aerial Photography for Great Britain, Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0497 22-MAY-2010 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356259.

The earthwork banks remained visible and partly lightly planted.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The extensive remains of ridges probably made for fruit tree planting and improved drainage in orchards of probable post-medieval to 20th century date were visible on aerial photographs and digital images derived from lidar data as earthwork banks at The Farm and Banshayes, Whimple.
The banks are of varying width and orientation. They corresponded in part to orchards depicted on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25inch map, and may in part be post-medieval in origin. However a large proportion of the visible banks were probably made in the early 20th century, and are likely to have been associated with the expansion of Whiteways Cider, based in Whimple. Much of the planting appears relatively recent on aerial photographs of 1946.
Large areas of the orchard banks remained planted with trees on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2010, albeit less densely than previously, and in these areas the ridges probably survive as low earthwork banks. Some areas have been converted to arable cultivation and here the banks are less well defined.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3160-61 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356259Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2010. Aerial Photography for Great Britain. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0497 22-MAY-2010.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SY0296-SY0496 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-DEC-2005 7 5-MAR-2010. [Mapped feature: #71862 ]

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Jun 11 2015 12:44PM