HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV112541
Name:Earthwork Pits on Woodbury Common

Summary

A concentration of earthwork pits and trenches of Second World War date are visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, on Woodbury Common. A number of the earthwork pits are visible on aerial photographs of 1954 and although the earthworks are not clearly visible after this date, subtle earthworks may well still survive.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 033 877
Map Sheet:SY08NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishWoodbury
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWOODBURY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BOMB CRATER (World War II - 1939 AD to 1945 AD (Between))
  • WEAPONS PIT (World War II - 1939 AD to 1945 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1412, RAF/106G/UK/1412 4270-71 13-APR-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352504.

The earthwork pits are visible.

Royal Air Force, 1954, RAF/82/1034, RAF/82/1034 F21 006-007 04-OCT-1954 (Aerial Photograph). SDV358441.

A number of earthwork pits are visible.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

A concentration of earthwork pits and trenches of Second World War date are visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, on Woodbury Common. The earthworks are dispersed across an area of approximately 3.9 hectares of moderate to steep west and east facing slope, either side of a prominent ridge occupied to the south by Woodbury Hillfort and dissected by the B3180. The earthworks are dominated by concentrations of small circular to irregular shaped pits and trenches generally between 1.5 to 7m in length/diameter. The earthworks likely represent either artillery shell craters or weapon pits, or combination of the two, associated with Dalditch infantry camp located further to the south. The earthworks are likely to be more extensive than has been transcribed here owing to the subtle nature of the features. Other concentrations of similar such earthwork features are visible across Woodbury Common to the north and south. A number of the earthwork pits are visible on aerial photographs of 1954 and although the earthworks are not clearly visible after this date, subtle earthworks may well still survive.

Passmore, A., 2018, Woodbury Common, Devon: Archaeological Survey of Fire Damaged Heathland (Report - Survey). SDV363233.

This document sets out the results of an archaeological survey carried out by AC archaeology on 7 May 2017 and 23 June 2017 of part of Woodbury Common, Devon. The survey covered approximately 31ha of heathland that had been damaged by fire on 23 April 2017.

The mapped extent of these slit trenches partially falls within the survey area, and a concentration of trenches was recorded towards the northeast end of this area. Topographically, this represents the ridgeline either side of the B3180, and top of the slope to the east. A smaller number of trenches are located to the northeast of the current mapped area, although not all of this ground was fire damaged and vegetation may obscure further examples. Here the trenches were generally isolated. On average these measure 1.30 metres long by 0.70 metres wide by 0.20 metres deep. Within this group is a single 6 metres long Z-shaped trench. Two pits had well-defined sharp edges, and are probably of later 20th-century date; one pit was square with spoil around all four sides, whilst the other was T-shaped with spoil on several sides. Several of the pits were cut into the upper side of boundary AC5.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV352504Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1412. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1412 4270-71 13-APR-1946. [Mapped feature: #71924 ]
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV358441Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1954. RAF/82/1034. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/82/1034 F21 006-007 04-OCT-1954.
SDV363233Report - Survey: Passmore, A.. 2018. Woodbury Common, Devon: Archaeological Survey of Fire Damaged Heathland. AC Archaeology. ACD1605/1/0. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV15101Related to: Dalditch Camp. World War Two Army Training Camp, Infantry Training Centre (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)
  • EDV5541 - Earthwork Survey at Woodbury Castle
  • EDV8192 - Archaeological Survey of Fire Damaged Heathland: Woodbury Common, Devon (Ref: ACD1605/1/0)

Date Last Edited:Nov 12 2019 3:38PM