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HER Number:MDV11257
Name:Remains of Saxon Cross, St Andrew's Parish Church


Parish church of st andrew. During reconstruction of the norman tower following a fire in 1933, the greater parts of a saxon cross were found, and these have been incorporated in a reconstruction in the south transept. It is probably 10th century (reed).


Grid Reference:SY 246 940
Map Sheet:SY29SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishColyton
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCOLYTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SY29SW/8/6

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (Saxon - 701 AD to 1065 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131458.

Grinsell, l. /discovering regional archaeology; south west england/(1970)22.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131459.

Masson phillips, e. N. /tda/70(1938)324-325/the ancient stone crosses of devon, part 2.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131460.

Reed, h. /tda/67(1935)285-289,pl.24,25/the saxon cross in the church of st andrew, colyton, devon.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131461.

Masson phillips, e. N. /tda/71(1939)240/supplementary notes on the ancient stone crosses of devon.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131462.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131463.

Pevsner, n. /buildings of england, south devon/(1952)88.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131464.

Des=slide(-/-/1980)in smr collection.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131465.

Masson-phillips, e. N.(ed) + worth, r. H. /tda/111(1979)168/church geology.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131466.

Wormald, f. /archaeologia/91(1945)116.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131467.

Anon/dcnq/18(1934-1935)133/editorial note.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131468.

Waterfield, r. /dcnq/19(1936-1937)177/anglo-saxon crosses in devon.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131469.

Phillips, e. M. /dcnq/19(1936-1937)224/anglo-saxon crosses in devon.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131470.

Raleigh radford, dr. /daes/newsletter(9/9/1964)2.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131471.

Des=notice in st. Andrew's church.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV131472.

Pearce, s. M. /pdas/40(1982)1-18/church and society in south devon.

REED, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV1862.

Parish church of st andrew. During reconstruction of the norman tower following a fire in 1933, the greater parts of a saxon cross were found, and these have been incorporated in a reconstruction in the south transept. It is probably 10th century (reed).

Radford, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV18671.

Cross shaft dated between 960 and 1020 ad (radford).

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=26/11/1975 (os) the restored saxon cross shaft circa 900 ad is displayed in the south transept of st. Andrew's church, colyton. Overall height 2.3m. Base: 0.55m x 0.45m x 0.4m high. Shaft: 0.5m x 0.3m at base, tapering to 0.25m x 0.2m, height 1.9m; modern cross-piece 0.8m wide (os).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV533.

Similar to the sidbury cross (pearce).

Masson Phillips, E. N., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV5785.

Vis=estimated -/-/1937 (masson phillips) the base, shaft, and a portion of one arm of the cross were discovered. It is of rectangular section, tapering upwards. The cross is of stone, and is elaborately carved in semi-relief. On the front face the base stone bears two double curling leaves with twigs ending in trefoils in the centre. The rear face has two acanthus leaves; on the right-hand face there are two concentric circles with two loops or flattened circles entwined, and the left-hand face bears the same pattern. In front the shaft is carved with three spiral stems of the tree of life entwining a beast below and a bird above, each with head turned backwards biting a twig; the uppermost spiral appears to have only scrolls and foliage. The left-hand face is covered with figure-of-eight plaitwork and has a double line margin. The right-hand face is filled with a net of square plaitwork. On the rear face only a fragment of carving remains of two entwining serpents, one head shown biting a tail with rib-like markings. The fragment of the arm is badly weathered, and the carving on three faces with plain margins is indeterminate (masson phillips).

Salvatore, J. P., 1998, Saxon Cross, Colyton (Un-published). SDV348331.

No site visit. Pieces of a decorated Saxon cross were discovered reused in the mansonry of the Norman tower of St. Andrews Church following a fire in 1933. The cross was reconstructed and now stands in the south transept. The cross is highly important given the level of decoration that survives but is well protected in its current location. Consequently not recommended for scheduling.

Watson, A., 2007-2017?, Devon Crosses, 114, (Vol 1), sketch (Un-published). SDV360833.

Colyton Church ST246941
A restored cross stands in the south transept of the church. A Saxon cross, the base shaft and part of one arm, of rectangular section, tapering upwards are original. It has been restored to show the original shape of the head. The pieces were discovered after the fire of 1933, built into the wall of the tower. The cross is of stone and is elaborately carved in semi-relief.
Cross height 2.26 metres, span 0.77 metres.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV131458Migrated Record:
SDV131459Migrated Record:
SDV131460Migrated Record:
SDV131461Migrated Record:
SDV131462Migrated Record:
SDV131463Migrated Record:
SDV131464Migrated Record:
SDV131465Migrated Record:
SDV131466Migrated Record:
SDV131467Migrated Record:
SDV131468Migrated Record:
SDV131469Migrated Record:
SDV131470Migrated Record:
SDV131471Migrated Record:
SDV131472Migrated Record:
SDV1862Migrated Record: REED.
SDV18671Migrated Record: Radford.
SDV24Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV348331Un-published: Salvatore, J. P.. 1998. Saxon Cross, Colyton. Monuments Protection Programme. Report on Site for which Scheduling is Not . A4 Single Sheet.
SDV360833Un-published: Watson, A.. 2007-2017?. Devon Crosses. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 114, (Vol 1), sketch.
SDV533Migrated Record:
SDV5785Migrated Record: Masson Phillips, E. N..

Associated Monuments

MDV11251Related to: St Andrew's, Colyton (Building)
MDV10741Related to: Stone Cross at St Peter & St Giles Parish Church (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Feb 21 2018 11:41AM