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HER Number:MDV112601
Name:Orchard North of Venn Cross, Whimple

Summary

An orchard of possible post-medieval origin was visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards at Venn Cross, Whimple. A distinctive feature of the orchard was the remains of earthwork ridges or banks, made to provide increased soil depth and improved drainage for fruit tree planting. The ridges probably survive as low earthwork banks.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 047 980
Map Sheet:SY09NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBroad Clyst
Civil ParishClyst St. Lawrence
Civil ParishWhimple
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCLYST ST.LAWRENCE
Ecclesiastical ParishWHIMPLE

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XXI - 1540 AD to 2010 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The earthwork banks correspond with a plot symbolised as an orchard.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The orchard was depicted on the first edition map.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3160-3161 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

The orchard remained densely planted.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SY0298 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19 Dec 2005
& 5 Mar 2010
(Cartographic). SDV357034.

Linear earthwork banks were visible as slight earthwork banks.


Ordnance Survey, 2000, OS/00980, OS/00980 166-167 19-MAR-2000 (Aerial Photograph). SDV358395.

Linear earthwork banks were visible as slight earthwork banks under sparse tree cover.


Next Perspectives, 2010, Aerial Photography for Great Britain, Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0298 22-MAY-2010 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356259.

The orchard remained lightly planted.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

An orchard of possible post-medieval origin was visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards at Venn Cross, Whimple. A distinctive feature of the orchard was the remains of earthwork ridges or banks, made to provide increased soil depth and improved drainage for fruit tree planting.
The visible ridges were circa 5 metres wide and orientated roughly north-west to south-east, across the contours of the slope. The banks corresponded to an orchard depicted on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25 inch map, that remained densely planted into the 1940s. The orchard retained a light scattering of trees on digital images derived from aerial photographs taken in 2000, when the underlying tree planting ridges were visible surviving as low earthwork banks.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3160-3161 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356259Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2010. Aerial Photography for Great Britain. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0298 22-MAY-2010.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SY0298 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19 Dec 2005 & 5 Mar 2010.
SDV358395Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 2000. OS/00980. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). OS/00980 166-167 19-MAR-2000. [Mapped feature: #71983 ]

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Jun 17 2015 11:42AM