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HER Number:MDV112603
Name:Orchard South of Rutton Farm, Whimple

Summary

The remains of a small orchard of possible post-medieval origin were visible on digital images derived from lidar data, to the south of Rutton Farm, Whimple as distinctive earthwork ridges or banks, made to provide increased soil depth and improved drainage for fruit tree planting. The ridges probably survive as low earthwork banks.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 047 987
Map Sheet:SY09NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBroad Clyst
Civil ParishClyst St. Lawrence
Civil ParishWhimple
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCLYST ST.LAWRENCE
Ecclesiastical ParishWHIMPLE

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XXI - 1540 AD to 2010 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The banks correspond with the area of a depicted orchard.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3160-3161 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

The orchard has been cleared of trees.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SY0498 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-DEC-2005 & 5-MAR-2010 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

Linear earthwork banks were visible.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The remains of a small orchard of possible post-medieval origin were visible on digital images derived from lidar data, to the south of Rutton Farm, Whimple as distinctive earthwork ridges or banks, made to provide increased soil depth and improved drainage for fruit tree planting.
The visible ridges were circa 5 metres wide and orientated roughly north-north-east to south-south-west to south-east, across the contours of the slope and orientated on a stream to the south. The banks corresponded to the area of a small orchard depicted on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25 inch map. The orchard appears to have been cleared of trees by 1946, but the underlying tree planting ridges survived as low earthwork banks to be visible on digital images derived from lidar data captured in 2005 and 2010.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3160-3161 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SY0498 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-DEC-2005 & 5-MAR-2010. [Mapped feature: #71985 ]

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Jun 17 2015 11:53AM