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HER Number:MDV112610
Name:Former Quarry West of Rutton Farm, Whimple

Summary

A large shallow pit was visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards as an earthwork to the west of Rutton Farm, Whimple. The product of the pit is unknown but it was probably a quarry or extractive pit of medieval to post-medieval date.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 045 990
Map Sheet:SY09NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishWhimple
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWHIMPLE

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • QUARRY (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1840 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Maps and Apportionments (Website). SDV349463.

The plot is listed as Pit Close, pasture.


Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

The pit falls largely within plot 77, but is not depicted as a feature.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The pit does not correspond with any depicted map features.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3161-62 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

A large but shallow earthwork pit was visible.


Ordnance Survey, 1966, OS/66185 V, OS/66185 V 274-275 22-Jul-66 (Aerial Photograph). SDV357577.

An earthwork pit was visible.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SY0498 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-DEC-2005 & 5-MAR-2010 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

A large but shallow earthwork pit was visible.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

A large shallow pit was visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards as an earthwork to the west of Rutton Farm, Whimple.
The pit is irregularly shaped and measures up to circa 140 metres across at its widest point. The product of the pit is unknown but it was probably a quarry or extractive pit of medieval to post-medieval date. The scale of the pit might support the interpretation that the pit was exploiting a widespread resource, such as clay, perhaps for use in brickworks or similar industry.
It is not depicted on the Ordnance Survey 25 inch First Edition map and it therefore probably passed out of use prior to the 1880s. The pit falls largely within plot 77 on the Tithe Map for Whimple, which is listed as pasture called Pit Close, supporting the interpretation that the pit had closed some time prior to circa 1840.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV349463Website: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Maps and Apportionments. http://devon.gov.uk. Website.
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3161-62 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SY0498 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-DEC-2005 & 5-MAR-2010. [Mapped feature: #71993 ]
SDV357577Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1966. OS/66185 V. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). OS/66185 V 274-275 22-Jul-66.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Jun 17 2015 1:37PM