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HER Number:MDV112643
Name:Orchard at Pratts Farm, Broad Clyst

Summary

An orchard of possible post-medieval origin was located to the north and west of Pratts Farm, Broad Clyst. The distinctive remains of earthwork ridges or banks, made to provide increased soil depth and improved drainage for fruit tree planting, were visible on aerial photographs of the 1960s onwards. The ridges have largely been levelled but a small area probably survives as low earthwork banks in gardens west of Pratts Farm.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 017 993
Map Sheet:SY09NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBroad Clyst
DistrictEast Devon

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XX - 1540 AD to 1967 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The banks visible in 1966 correspond with the orchard depicted at Pratts Farm.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3164-3165 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

The orchard remained densely planted.


Ordnance Survey, 1966, OS/66185 V, OS/66185 V 262 22-JUL-1966 (Aerial Photograph). SDV357577.

The orchard remained lightly planted.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SY0098 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-DEC-2005 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

The orchard has been reduced in size and a small area of banks remain visible as low earthworks.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

An orchard of possible post-medieval origin was located to the north and west of Pratts Farm, Broad Clyst. The distinctive remains of earthwork ridges or banks, made to provide increased soil depth and improved drainage for fruit tree planting, were visible on aerial photographs of the 1960s onwards.
The visible ridges were circa 6 metres wide and orientated roughly west-north-west to east-south-east, across the contours of the prevailing slope. The banks corresponded to an orchard depicted on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25 inch map, and the orchard remained densely planted into the 1940s. The orchard retained a light cover of trees on aerial photographs taken in the mid to late 1960s, when the underlying tree planting ridges were visible as low earthwork banks. Much of the orchard has since been cleared and levelled along with many of the surrounding field boundaries, but a small area probably survive and are visible as low earthwork banks in the much reduced gardens west of Pratts Farm, on digital images derived from lidar data.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3164-3165 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SY0098 Environment Agency JPG DSM 19-DEC-2005.
SDV357577Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1966. OS/66185 V. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). OS/66185 V 262 22-JUL-1966.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Jun 22 2015 2:31PM