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HER Number:MDV112647
Name:Orchard South of Townhill Farm, Broad Clyst

Summary

An orchard of possible post-medieval origin was located to the south and west of Townhill Farm, Broad Clyst. The distinctive remains of earthwork ridges or banks, made to provide increased soil depth and improved drainage for fruit tree planting, were visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s and 1960s. The ridges have probably been levelled.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 019 990
Map Sheet:SY09NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBroad Clyst
DistrictEast Devon

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XX - 1540 AD to 1967 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The earthwork banks corresponded to a former orchard.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3164-3165 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Few trees were visible planted on the former orchard.


BKS Surveys Ltd, 1967, BKS/2822, BKS/2822 V 3001-3002 14-MAR-1967 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354836.

The former orchard has been largely cleared of trees.


Next Perspectives, 2010, Aerial Photography for Great Britain, Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0199 22-MAY-2010 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356259.

The earthwork banks were not visible and have probably been levelled.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

An orchard of possible post-medieval origin was located to the south and west of Townhill Farm, Broad Clyst. The distinctive remains of earthwork ridges or banks, made to provide increased soil depth and improved drainage for fruit tree planting, were visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s and 1960s.
The ridges corresponded to an orchard depicted within a T-shaped field on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25 inch map, and the earthwork banks reflected this shape, with banks on east to west and roughly north-north-east to south-south-west orientations.
The orchard had been largely cleared of trees by the 1940s when the underlying tree planting ridges were clearly visible as low earthwork banks. The ridges were not visible as earthworks on more recent aerial photographs and have probably been levelled.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV354836Aerial Photograph: BKS Surveys Ltd. 1967. BKS/2822. BKS Surveys Ltd. Photograph (Paper). BKS/2822 V 3001-3002 14-MAR-1967.
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3164-3165 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356259Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2010. Aerial Photography for Great Britain. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0199 22-MAY-2010.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Jun 22 2015 3:23PM