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HER Number:MDV112856
Name:Orchards East of Sprydon Cottages, Broad Clyst

Summary

Orchards of possible post-medieval origin were located on the west facing combe slopes to the east of Sprydon Cottages, Broad Clyst. The distinctive remains of earthwork ridges or banks, made to provide increased soil depth and improved drainage for fruit tree planting, were visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s and 1960s but have probably now been largely levelled.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 990 996
Map Sheet:SX99NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBroad Clyst
DistrictEast Devon

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1880 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The earthwork banks correspond with a depicted orchard.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3170-3171 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Linear earthwork banks were visible under moderate tree cover


BKS Surveys Ltd, 1967, BKS/2822, BKS/2822 V 2943-2944 14-MAR-1967 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354836.

Linear earthwork banks were visible. Map object based partly on this source.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SX9698 Environment Agency JPEG DSM 19-Dec-2005 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

Two small areas of linear earthwork banks were visible. Map object based partly on this source.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

Orchards of possible post-medieval origin were located on the west facing combe slopes to the east of Sprydon Cottages, Broad Clyst. The distinctive remains of earthwork ridges or banks, made to provide increased soil depth and improved drainage for fruit tree planting were visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s and 1960s. The earthwork banks correspond with a large area symbolised as an orchard on the Ordnance Survey 25inch First Edition Map of the 1880s-1890s. The underlying earthwork banks were visible on aerial photographs of 1946 under a light but sparse planting of trees. By 1967 all tree planting had been removed and the underlying earthwork banks were clearly visible in several parcels of land, the banks on different orientations with each plot. Digital images derived from lidar data of 2005 show that only two small areas of earthwork banks survive, in plots at SX989997 and SX990995, which remain planted as orchards.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV354836Aerial Photograph: BKS Surveys Ltd. 1967. BKS/2822. BKS Surveys Ltd. Photograph (Paper). BKS/2822 V 2943-2944 14-MAR-1967.
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3170-3171 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX9698 Environment Agency JPEG DSM 19-Dec-2005.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Jul 22 2015 3:27PM