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HER Number:MDV112893
Name:Orchard Banks at Holwell Farm

Summary

Orchard banks of probable post-medieval to modern date are visible as a series of linear earthwork banks on aerial photographs of 1947 onwards, at Holwell Farm. The orchard banks remain visible as earthwork banks on digital images derived from Lidar data captured in 2005.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 007 920
Map Sheet:SY09SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishFarringdon
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishFARRINGDON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to Modern - 1540 AD to 2013 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

An orchard is depicted here on the First Edition Ordnance Survey map of between the 1880’s-90’s. Map object partly based on this source.


Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1974, RAF/CPE/UK/1974 RS 4459-60 11-APR-1947 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356127.

The orchard banks are partly visible as a series of earthwork banks.


Royal Air Force, 1963, RAF/543/2332, RAF/543/2332 2F21 070-71 26-JUL-1963 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354847.

The orchard remains largely covered with fruit trees, although earthwork banks are visible.


Ordnance Survey, 1989, OS/89277, OS/89277 V 123-24 14-JUN-1989 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356291.

The fruit trees have been completely cleared and the southern half of the former orchard levelled following the removal and re-organisation of the field boundaries.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SY0092 Environment Agency JPEG DSM 19-DEC-2005 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

Orchard banks are visible as a series of earthwork banks to the north. Map object partly based on this source.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

Orchard banks of probable post-medieval to modern date are visible as a series of linear earthwork banks on aerial photographs of 1947 onwards, at Holwell Farm. An orchard is depicted here on the First Edition Ordnance Survey map of between the 1880’s-90’s. Aerial photographs of 1947 until 1963 show that the site of the orchard remains largely covered with fruit trees, although where thinned out, a series of partial east to west aligned earthwork banks, on which the fruit trees were established, are visible. By 1989, the fruit trees have been completely cleared and the southern half of the former orchard levelled following the removal and re-organisation of the field boundaries. The surviving banks to the north occupy an area of approximately 0.60 hectares of gentle northwest facing slope, within a single rectilinear shaped plot depicted on the First Edition OS map, on the eastern side of Holwell Farm. The orchard banks remain visible as earthwork banks on digital images derived from Lidar data captured in 2005.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV354847Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1963. RAF/543/2332. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/543/2332 2F21 070-71 26-JUL-1963.
SDV356127Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1974. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1974 RS 4459-60 11-APR-1947.
SDV356291Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1989. OS/89277. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). OS/89277 V 123-24 14-JUN-1989.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SY0092 Environment Agency JPEG DSM 19-DEC-2005.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Jul 29 2015 11:20AM