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HER Number:MDV113063
Name:Orchard North of Westclyst

Summary

A former orchard of possible post-medieval to 19th century origin was located on the east-facing slopes north of Westclyst, Broad Clyst. The orchard had been cleared of trees leaving visible the distinctive remains of earthworks ridges or banks made to provide increased soil depth and improved drainage for fruit tree planting on aerial photographs of 1946.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 964 953
Map Sheet:SX99NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBroad Clyst
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPINHOE

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to World War II - 1540 AD to 1945 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The visible earthwork banks corresponded with a plot symbolised as an orchard. Map object based partly on this source.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4073-4074 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Linear earthwork banks were visible.

BKS Surveys Ltd, 1967, BKS/2822, BKS/2822 V 2969-2968 14-MAR-1967 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354836.

Linear earthwork banks were visible.

Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SX9694 Environment Agency JPEG DSM 3-May-1998
&19-Dec-2005
(Cartographic). SDV357034.

Linear earthwork banks were visible. Map object based partly on this source.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

A former orchard of possible post-medieval to 19th century origin was located on the east-facing slopes north of Westclyst, Broad Clyst. The orchard had been cleared of trees leaving the distinctive remains of earthworks ridges or banks, made to provide increased soil depth and improved drainage for fruit tree planting visible on aerial photographs of 1946.
The banks are orientated roughly north-west to south-east, aligned obliquely cross contour to aid drainage. Their extent corresponded with an area symbolised as an orchard on the Ordnance Survey 25inch First Edition Map of the 1880s-1890s. The orchard was therefore probably of post-medieval or 19th century origin.
The banks were visible on digital images derived from lidar data of 1998 and 2005 and therefore probably survive as low earthworks.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV354836Aerial Photograph: BKS Surveys Ltd. 1967. BKS/2822. BKS Surveys Ltd. Photograph (Paper). BKS/2822 V 2969-2968 14-MAR-1967.
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4073-4074 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX9694 Environment Agency JPEG DSM 3-May-1998 &19-Dec-2005.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Mar 13 2020 7:53AM