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HER Number:MDV113078
Name:Former Orchard, Poltimore Park

Summary

A former orchard of possible post-medieval to 19th century origin was located on the gentle east-facing slopes of Poltimore Park, Broad Clyst. The orchard had been cleared of trees, probably during 19th century landscaping, leaving visible the distinctive remains of earthwork ridges made for fruit tree planting on aerial photographs of the 1940s.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 971 957
Map Sheet:SX99NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBroad Clyst
DistrictEast Devon

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1880 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Maps and Apportionments (Website). SDV349463.

The area of linear earthwork ridges correspond with plot 1444, listed as Orchard for Home Farm.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The area of linear earthwork ridges falls within the southern extent of Poltimore Park.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4072-4073 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Linear earthwork banks aligned east to west were visible.

Fairy Surveys Ltd, 1964, FSL/6412 V, FSL/6412 V 1113-1114 07-FEB-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV357115.

Linear earthwork banks aligned east to west were visible.

Next Perspectives, 2010, Aerial Photography for Great Britain, Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SX9795 22-MAY-2010 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356259.

The linear earthwork banks were not visible.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

A former orchard of possible post-medieval to 19th century origin was located on the gentle east-facing slopes of Poltimore Park, Broad Clyst. The site of the orchard was visible on visible on aerial photographs of 1946 as the distinctive remains of earthworks ridges or banks, made to provide increased soil depth and improved drainage for fruit tree planting.
The orchard banks corresponded with plot 1444 on the Tithe map for Broad Clyst, listed in the accompanying apportionments as an orchard at Home Farm. This orchard had probably been cleared of trees, along with the farm and associated field boundaries, as part of wider landscaping to extend the southward boundary of Poltimore Park between the 1840s and 1880s-90s.
The banks remained visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of 1964 but were not seen on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2010 and have therefore probably been levelled.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349463Website: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Maps and Apportionments. http://devon.gov.uk. Website.
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4072-4073 04-NOV-1946. [Mapped feature: #72419 ]
SDV356259Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2010. Aerial Photography for Great Britain. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SX9795 22-MAY-2010.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357115Aerial Photograph: Fairy Surveys Ltd. 1964. FSL/6412 V. Fairy Surveys Ltd aerial photograph. Photograph (Paper). FSL/6412 V 1113-1114 07-FEB-1964.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Mar 13 2020 7:53AM