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HER Number:MDV113099
Name:Catch Meadow, West of Coppice Farm

Summary

A catch meadow of probable 19th century date is visible as a series of earthwork ditches on aerial photographs of 1947 onwards, to the west of Coppice Farm. It remains partly visible as a series of earthwork ditches on Lidar-derived images of 2005.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 015 945
Map Sheet:SY09SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishRockbeare
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishROCKBEARE

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CATCH MEADOW (Post Medieval to Modern - 1540 AD to 2013 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1974, RAF/CPE/UK/1974 RP 3459-60 11-APR-1947 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356127.

The possible catch meadow is visible as a series of earthwork ditches. Map object based on this source.


BKS Surveys Ltd, 1967, BKS/2822, BKS/2822 V 3050-51 14-MAR-1967 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354836.

The possible catch meadow is visible as a series of earthwork ditches. Map object based on this source.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SY0194 Environment Agency JPEG DSM 19-DEC-2005 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

Traces of the earthwork ditches are visible. Map object based on this source.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

A catch meadow of probable 19th century date is visible as a series of earthwork ditches on aerial photographs of 1947 onwards, to the west of Coppice Farm. Most catch meadow systems are believed to date to the post medieval period, although it is likely that they were first developed in the medieval period. Catch meadows provided a simple, inexpensive and effective form of irrigation. When irrigation was required water was diverted from a source such as a pond, river, spring or spring-fed stream and passed along the meadow slopes via one or more of the gutters, which was then caused to overflow. The lower, roughly parallel gutters then ‘caught’ and redistributed water passing it evenly over the surface of a meadow below. The gently flowing water prevented the ground freezing in winter and encouraged early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock, particularly important during the hungry gap of March and April. The catch meadow covers an area of approximately 5.46 hectares of gentle northeast and northwest facing slope. The system comprises a series of gutters which measure less than 2m in width and appear to tap possibly two different streams. Parts of the system appear to be bisected by a number of linear drains or channels roughly perpendicular to the gutters. It is largely unclear, however, how these channels may have functioned, although they may have served to directly feed parts of the system from an alternative water source. It is unclear from the aerial photographs alone with which farm this water meadow system might have been associated with. Not being directly linked to a farmstead it probably operated as a ‘detached’ system. The catch meadow remains partly visible as a series of earthwork ditches on Lidar-derived images of 2005.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV354836Aerial Photograph: BKS Surveys Ltd. 1967. BKS/2822. BKS Surveys Ltd. Photograph (Paper). BKS/2822 V 3050-51 14-MAR-1967.
SDV356127Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1974. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1974 RP 3459-60 11-APR-1947.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SY0194 Environment Agency JPEG DSM 19-DEC-2005.

Associated Monuments

MDV113100Related to: Possible Cropmark, West of Coppice Farm (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)
  • EDV4887 - Assessment Two Areas of Highway to the East of Exeter

Date Last Edited:Aug 9 2016 10:51AM