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HER Number:MDV113325
Name:Orchard at Stevenstone Barton

Summary

An orchard of possible post-medieval to 19th century origin was located on the gentle north-facing slopes at Stevenstone Barton, Upton Pyne. The orchard was largely cleared of trees the second half of the 20th century. Limited tree planting and earthwork tree planting banks remained visible on arial photographs and digital images derived from lidar to the immediate north-east of Stevenstone Barton.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 907 994
Map Sheet:SX99NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishUpton Pyne
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishUPTON PYNE

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XX - 1540 AD to 1999 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

An orchard is depicted west of Stevenstone Farm.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3228-4229 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

The orchard remained densely planted.


Ordnance Survey, 1966, OS/66185 V, OS/66185 V 245-246 22-JUL-1966 (Aerial Photograph). SDV357577.

The orchard remained densely planted.


Environment Agency, 1998-2014, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), LIDAR SX9098 Environment Agency DSM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014 (Cartographic). SDV359177.

Linear banks remained visible as earthworks.


GetMapping, 1999 - 2000, Millennium Map 1999-2000 Getmapping (Aerial Photograph). SDV321648.

The majority of the orchard has been cleared of tree planting and turned over to arable cultivation.


Next Perspectives, 2010, Aerial Photography for Great Britain, Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SX9099 22-MAY-2010 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356259.

The reduced orchard remained lightly planted and linear banks remained visible as earthworks.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

An orchard of possible post-medieval to 19th century origin was located on the gentle north-facing slopes at Stevenstone Barton, Upton Pyne, as depicted on the Ordnance Survey First Edition 25 inch map. The orchard remained densely planted on aerial photographs of 1946 and 1966, but had been largely cleared of trees and turned over to arable cultivation by 1999. Less than one hectare of orchard was retained and remained lightly planted immediately to the north and east of the farmstead. Within this area the distinctive remains of earthworks ridges or banks, made to provide increased soil depth and improved drainage for fruit tree planting remained visible on digital images derived from lidar data and aerial photographs of 2010.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV321648Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 1999 - 2000. Millennium Map 1999-2000 Getmapping. Millennium Map. Photograph (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #72661 ]
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3228-4229 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356259Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2010. Aerial Photography for Great Britain. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SX9099 22-MAY-2010.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357577Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1966. OS/66185 V. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). OS/66185 V 245-246 22-JUL-1966.
SDV359177Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2014. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX9098 Environment Agency DSM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Sep 18 2015 4:54PM