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HER Number:MDV113326
Name:Orchard West of Stevenstone Barton

Summary

Evidence of a former orchard of possible post-medieval to 19th century origin was visible as narrow earthwork banks on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards and digital images derived from lidar on the gentle south facing slopes to the west of Stevenstone Barton, Upton Pyne.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 905 995
Map Sheet:SX99NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishUpton Pyne
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishUPTON PYNE

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XX - 1540 AD to 1999 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Maps and Apportionments (Website). SDV349463.

The plot is listed as Elliots Clove Orchard on the Tithe Apportionment for Upton Pyne.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The plot is depicted as rough grazing.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3228-4229 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Roughly north-north-west to south-south-east aligned earthwork banks were visible.


Ordnance Survey, 1967, OS/67041, OS/67041 V 41-42 18-APR-1967 (Aerial Photograph). SDV357110.

Roughly north-north-west to south-south-east aligned earthwork banks were visible.


Environment Agency, 1998-2014, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), LIDAR SX9098 Environment Agency DSM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014 (Cartographic). SDV359177.

Roughly north-north-west to south-south-east aligned earthwork banks were visible.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

Evidence of a former orchard of possible post-medieval to 19th century origin was visible on the gentle south facing slopes to the west of Stevenstone Barton, Upton Pyne, as narrow earthwork banks on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards and on digital images derived from lidar. The ridges were clearly visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of 1946 and 1967, and remained visible on digital images derived from lidar data acquired between 1998 and 2014.
The plot of land within which the banks were visible was not depicted on the Ordnance Survey First Edition 25 inch map but was listed as an orchard on the Tithe Apportionments for Upton Pyne. This supports the interpretation that the orchard was cleared of trees between circa 1840 and circa 1880.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349463Website: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Maps and Apportionments. http://devon.gov.uk. Website.
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3228-4229 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357110Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1967. OS/67041. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). OS/67041 V 41-42 18-APR-1967.
SDV359177Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2014. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX9098 Environment Agency DSM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014. [Mapped feature: #72662 ]

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Sep 18 2015 5:08PM