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HER Number:MDV113726
Name:Orchard at Langford

Summary

Evidence of a former orchard of probable post-medieval to 19th century origin was visible as low and narrow earthwork banks on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards on the steep slopes of a west-facing spur overlooking the Jackmoor Brook at Langford.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 901 976
Map Sheet:SX99NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishNewton St. Cyres
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishNEWTON ST.CYRES

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XX - 1540 AD to 1946 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

A large orchard is depicted. Map object based partly on this source.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4101-4102 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

A reduced orchard is visible.


Environment Agency, 1998-2014, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), LIDAR SX9097 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014 (Cartographic). SDV359177.

A small area of earthwork banks remains visible. Map object based partly on this source.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

Evidence of a former orchard of probable post-medieval to 19th century origin was visible as low and narrow earthwork banks on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards on the steep slopes of a west-facing spur overlooking the Jackmoor Brook at Langford.
The banks were roughly 5 metres wide and arranged in a west to east orientation, obliquely crossing the contours of the combe slope. This was probably to aid drainage of excess surface water towards the Jackmoor Brook.
The plot of land within which the banks were visible was depicted as an orchard on the Ordnance Survey First Edition 25 inch map. The southern portion of the orchard had been redeveloped for housing by 1946 and the tree planting banks levelled. The northern portion remains very lightly planted with trees and the banks can be seen surviving as low earthworks on digital images derived from lidar data. A possible manganese open cast mine of post-medieval (MDV10278) date was visible as a large earthwork pit in the centre of the former orchard and may predate the orchard.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4101-4102 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV359177Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2014. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX9097 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Nov 25 2015 5:42PM