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HER Number:MDV113727
Name:Orchard at Langford

Summary

Evidence of a former orchard of probable post-medieval to 19th century origin was visible as an area of low and narrow earthwork banks on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards on the north-facing slopes east of Langford.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 903 976
Map Sheet:SX99NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishNewton St. Cyres
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishNEWTON ST.CYRES

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1880 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Maps and Apportionments (Website). SDV349463.

The plot (728) is symbolised as an orchard and listed as Great Down Orchard.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The field is no longer symbolised as an orchard.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4101-4102 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Linear and parallel earthwork banks were visible.


Environment Agency, 1998-2014, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), LIDAR SX9097 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014 (Cartographic). SDV359177.

Linear and parallel earthwork banks were visible.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

Evidence of a former orchard of probable post-medieval to 19th century origin was visible as an area of low and narrow earthwork banks on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards on the north-facing slopes east of Langford.
The banks were roughly 6 to 7 metres wide and arranged in a roughly north to south orientation, crossing the contours of the combe slope. This was probably to aid drainage of excess surface water towards a shallow combe immediately to the north that feeds into the Jackmoor Brook.
The plot of land within which the banks were visible was depicted as an orchard on the Tithe Map for Newton St Cyres and listed as Great Down Orchard on the Tithe Apportionment. The field is not symbolised as an orchard on the Ordnance Survey First Edition 25 inch map and was therefore probably cleared of fruit trees between circa 1840 and 1880.
The tree planting banks remain visible as low earthworks on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2014.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349463Website: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Maps and Apportionments. http://devon.gov.uk. Website.
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4101-4102 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV359177Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2014. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX9097 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014. [Mapped feature: #73078 ]

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Nov 11 2015 11:08AM