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HER Number:MDV113768
Name:Hartyland Farmstead, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Hartyland farmstead shown on 19th century maps and known in the late 19th century as Hartland. Hartland was first mentioned in the early 18th century

Location

Grid Reference:SX 644 795
Map Sheet:SX67NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of part of the Bronze Age parallel reave system as well as medieval ridge and furrow and leat supplying Hartyland Farm

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 884803

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (XVIII to XIX - 1800 AD to 1900 AD)

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

'Hartyland' shown on 19th century Tithe Map as an irregular shaped building on the south side of a rectangular enclosure with a rectilinear enclosure to the west and several small enclosures to the east. The Apportionment for 'Hartyland' lists Field Number 276 as 'Dwelling House, Court, Mowhay and Garden'.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Hartland' shown on 19th century map as an irregular shaped building in a group of small enclosures.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Hartyland' shown on early 20th century map.


Sainsbury, I. S., 1989, Hartland (Report - non-specific). SDV359289.

Site visited on 9th November 1989. Hartyland also known as `Hastiland' or 'Hartland'. It was first mentioned in a 1702 list of 34 of the ancient tenements. Information about the buildings on the tenement and the status of their occupants comes solely from 19th and 20th century sources. Photographs of Hartland farmhouse in 1907 show a thatched dwelling with a thatched porch and a corrugated iron lean-to (citing 'Illustrated Western Weekly' and 'High Dartmoor' (1982) with no further reference). The valuation of 1910 called Hartland a moorland farm of 224 acres with a very bad approach to the premises. The house was said to be very old, stone built with a thatched roof, two rooms and a dairy on the ground floor, two rooms upstairs, no closet, no drains, and the water supply came from a spring. The outbuildings were of granite, their thatched roofs recently replaced by iron and all in good repair. These were shown on the os 1:2500 2nd edition of 1905. There is now no trace of these buildings. The present house, a two-storied building with two south-facing bays and central porch, and a large double garage attached to the east side, was built on the site of the old farmhouse about 1927. If a longhouse existed at Hartyland, photographs of 1906 of the acknowledged `old house' suggest that it had long been rebuilt or undergone conversion to an extended dwelling. Documentation is lacking for the `ancient', presumably Medieval, tenement, but a map of the customary freehold area corresponds with a dozen fields (about 89 acres/36 hectares) clustered about the farmhouse between the East Dart and the Stannon Brook. In-bye might have been the western 60 acres (24 hectares) of small fields where ridge and furrow and 14 slotted gateposts (5 displaced) are perhaps indicative of early enclosures. Notably, an early tinworks, on a narrow strip west of Stannon Brook, is excluded from the freehold.


White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Hartyland (Un-published). SDV352501.

Hartyland farmstead listed.


Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

'Hartland House' shown on modern mapping which may contain part of the earlier building.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #73118 ]
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Hartyland.
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV359289Report - non-specific: Sainsbury, I. S.. 1989. Hartland. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report.

Associated Monuments

MDV52813Parent of: GATE in the Parish of Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV52766Parent of: Gatepost (Monument)
MDV52792Parent of: Gatepost (Monument)
MDV52793Parent of: Gatepost (Monument)
MDV52795Parent of: Gatepost (Monument)
MDV52798Parent of: Gatepost (Monument)
MDV52814Parent of: Gatepost (Monument)
MDV52815Parent of: Hartland House, Dartmoor Forest (Building)
MDV5960Related to: ENCLOSURE in the Parish of Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV20483Related to: LEAT in the Parish of Dartmoor Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Dec 4 2015 2:29PM