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HER Number:MDV11458
Name:Langford Court, Cullompton

Summary

A large house, now two dwellings. The oldest part of the house, primarily the east wing, has been dated to the late 14th/early 15th century. The house was damaged by fire in 1994.

Location

Grid Reference:ST 032 025
Map Sheet:ST00SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCullompton
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCULLOMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: ST00SW/8
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II*)
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMHOUSE (XIV to XX - 1301 AD to 2000 AD (Between))

Full description

FOSTER, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV46892.

Remains of a chapel are to be found at langford barton. A number of cut stones were found in a nearby field which may have belonged to old chapel (foster).


S, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV4794.

Left-hand (s) elevation: scattered fenestration, one 2-light and four 4-light casement windows to 1st floor, similar to ground floor (the 2-light window c20); one 3-light window set between floors to stairhall; all c17 windows with ovolo moulded surrounds and mullions. Porch, timber, steep gable with fascia, slated. Axial stack with double brick shaft.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV50946.

Langford court.


CONTAINING 7 JOINTED CRUCKS, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV50949.

Large house, now 2 dwellngs. Early c16, remodelled and enlarged in the c17. Cob, stone plinth, plastered, under gabled end thatched roofs. The present house is an informal courtyard in plan, although there is no evidence to suggest that it originated as such. The present main front and the right-hand wing are the oldest parts, formerly a 3-room, through-passage plan with a long service wing (containing 7 jointed crucks); both these ranges show evidence of smoke-blackening: the wing is heavily sooted at the far end and this possibly marks the early kitchen area; sooting becomes progressively lighter towards the front of the wing suggesting that there was 1 open hearth and a series of low internal partitions. The front range was completely re-roofed in the c19, but the cob wall dividing it from the left-hand wing (presumably a former end wall) is heavily soot blackened. The left-hand wing is early c17 and contemporary with the general re-fenestration scheme and the 2-storeyed front porch; it probably functioned as the main range for it contains the best staircase, and a hall with an unusual common rafter arch-braced roof. The 4th side is much later, externally completed c19, but it could contain an older core.


E, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV50950.

Exterior: front (e) elevation: asymmetrical 6-window range, the facade reordered in the c17; outer window bays representing the front faces of the side wings are separately gabled with c19 bargeboarding: identical, with 4-light casement window to both floors; 2-storeyed thatched porch stands right of centre marking entrance to cross passage: c19 bargeboarding incorporates 1 c17 pendant; upper storey with close studding and a moulded oriel; porch outer doorway frame with moulding; inner doorway (recessed slightly behind the line of the front wall) with moulded surround set in a wide architrave; early c18 panelled door.5-light window to left and right of porch to ground floor, 4-light windows above; 2-light windows to both floors to the right of range; all casement windows, barred, with ovolo moulding. Double brick shafts to stacks at junctions of range and wings.


E, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV50954.

Inner elevations: mostly c19 windows, but 2 older windows to north range, 1 of 3-lights with chamfered surround and mullions, another of 2-lights, massive chamfered mullion, 1 light only with 8 leaded panes. Interior: north wing: 5 rooms; massive end fireplace with chamfered lintel and bressumer above; chambered unstopped beam to this room; remains of a through-passage between this service room and a room now serving as a kitchen; the passage has 2 cross beams, and has been reorganised by the insertion of a brick larder. Main room heated by external stack with big chamfered beam; the fireplace largely rebuilt. Roof: 7 jointed crucks, mortised and pegged at apex, cranked collars, mortised and pegged; 2 sets of trenched purlins; smoke blackening heaviest at rear end, with some sooted rafters. Main (e) range: widened and re-roofed in c19; main room with 2 axial, chamfered, unstopped beams; the porch gives into a wide cross passage.


HALL?, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV50955.

South wing: 3 rooms, entrance and stair hall; the latter with 2 cross beams with scroll stops; remains of c17 stair, 2 turned newel posts and some turned balusters; c17 panelling survives with cyma recta moulding; middle room (hall?) fireplace with composite moulded stone jambs; and big moulded stops; c19 rear lean-to but the ovolo moulded wall plate visible internally. Upper room to front of wing with c18 or early c19 panelling; in a recess to one side of the large stack, presumably external to the smoke blackened former end wall of main (e) range, are fragments of c17 panelling visible only from the roof space.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV50958.

Osa=st00sw6/photograph.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV50959.

Foster, m. T. /tda/42(1910)159-160/a short history of cullompton.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV50961.

Cherry, b. + pevsner, n. /(1989)306/the buildings of england:devon.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV50962.

Doe/hhr:cullompton/(11/6/1986)44.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV50963.

Nmr=st00sw7.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV50964.

Nmr=st00sw14.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV50965.

Nbr=st00sw/90947/photos, architectural plans + elevation drawing in nbr/().


W, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV237394.

Rear elevation (w) c19, slate roof; 2- and 4-light casement windows.


N, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV23752.

Right-hand (n) elevation: asymmetrical 6-window range, the thatched roof eaves line over rear storage area brought well down and supported on diagonal struts. End stack and 2 lateral stack, 1 of which is external, all with brick shafts. All windows c19 of 2 and 5 lights. C20 leanto under corrugated iron roof.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=13/3/1958(os) owners have no record of any structural alterations to exterior walls and house and farm have been in family for over 200 years. Thatched roof and general appearance suggest the whole building is of one date. Probably 16th century and later (os).


Department of Environment, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV326863.

Roof: trusses, all clean, collars halved and pegged, except over the middle room (hall?) where the roof construction is unusual: 2 jointed crucks to each end of a common rafter roof, each of the 14 common rafters set 18" apart with collar and arched brace, the latter attached to collar by old iron nails; no evidence of its having supported a plaster ceiling, although it may originally have been intended so to do (doe).


Thorp, J., 1995, Langford Court, Cullompton, Devon (Report - Survey). SDV356414.

Recorded by Keystone historic buildings consultants following extensive fire damage in June 1994. Earliest datable part of the house dates to late 14th-/early 15th century. Disentanglement of building phases was made difficult by loss of evidence of structural relationships between the different types of roof over the various parts of the house; by the early 19th century patching-up of 18th century neglect, and extensive early 20th century refurbishment of the crucial east range; and by the fact that it does not seem to follow a wholly conventional development sequence.
Phase 1: late 14th century-/early 15th century hall house. Primarily east wing.
Phase ii: later medieval house. The north wing created, and possibly some work on the old east wing.
Phase iii: early 17th century improvements effected a complete reorganisation of the north wing, with some evidence for work on south and east wings. This phase incorporates the odd feature of mid or late 16th century date.
Phase iv: mid 17th century refurbishment. Around 1660-80 the south wing was extended to provide a second grant parlour and further accommodation. The main front doorway in e wing, and the 2-storey porch also date from this time, and there is evidence for minor works in the n wing.
Phase v: later alterations. Features of 18th-20th century date recorded.
See report for full details and photos.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England, 1168568 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

Langford Court. Large house, now 2 dwellings. Early C16, remodelled and enlarged in the C17. Cob, stone plinth, plastered, under gabled end thatched roofs. The present house is an informal courtyard in plan, although there is no evidence to suggest that it originated as such. The present main front and the right-hand wing are the oldest parts, formerly a 3-room, through-passage plan with a long service wing (containing 7 jointed crucks); both these ranges show evidence of smoke-blackening: the wing is heavily sooted at the far end and this possibly marks the early kitchen area; sooting becomes progressively lighter towards the front of the wing suggesting that there was 1 open hearth and a series of low internal partitions. The front range was completely re-roofed in the C19, but the cob wall dividing it from the left-hand wing (presumably a former end wall) is heavily soot blackened. The left-hand wing is early C17 and contemporary with the general re-fenestration scheme and the 2-storeyed front porch; it probably functioned as the main range for it contains the best staircase, and a hall with an unusual common rafter arch-braced roof. The 4th side is much later, externally completely C19, but it could contain an older core. Exterior: Front (E) elevation: asymmetrical 6-window range, the facade re-ordered in the C17 and clearly designed to impress; outer window bays representing the front faces of the side wings are separately gabled with C19 wavy bargeboarding: identical, with 4-light casement window to both floors, all frames and mullions ovolo moulded; 2-storeyed thatched porch stands right of centre marking entrance to cross passage: C19 wavy bargeboarding incorporates 1 C17 pendant; upper storey with close studding and a 3-light ovolo moulded oriel on 4 concave brackets; porch outer doorway frame with cyma recta moulding; inner doorway (recessed slightly behind the line of the front wall) with cyma recta moulded surround set in a wide architrave with concave moulding; early C18 panelled door. 5-light window to left and right of porch to ground floor, 4-light windows above; 2-light windows to both floors to the right of the left-hand wing front gable, a little to one side of the former end wall of main range (see above); all casement windows, barred, with ovolo moulding. Double brick shafts to stacks at junctions of range and wings. Right-hand (N) elevation: asymmetrical 6-window range, the thatched roof eaves line over rear storage area brought well down and supported on diagonal struts. End stack and 2 lateral stack, 1 of which is external with 2 set-offs, all with brick shafts. All windows C19 of 2 and 5 lights. C20 leanto under corrugated iron roof. Left-hand (S) elevation: Scattered fenestration, one 2-light and four 4-light casement windows to lst floor, similar to ground floor (the 2-light window C20); one 3-light window set between floors to stairhall; all C17 windows with ovolo moulded surrounds and mullions. Porch, timber, steep gable with fascia, slated. Axial stack with double brick shaft. Rear elevation (W) C19, slate roof; 2- and 4-light casement windows. Inner elevations: mostly C19 windows, but 2 older windows to north range, 1 of 3- lights with chamfered surround and mullions, another of 2-lights, massive chamfered mullion, 1 light only with 8 leaded panes. Interior: North wing: 5 rooms; Massive end fireplace with chamfered lintel and bressumer above; chambered unstopped beam to this room; remains of a through-passage between this service room and a room now serving as a kitchen; the passage has 2 cross beams, and has been reorganised by the insertion of a brick larder. Main room heated by external stack with big chamfered beam; tile fireplace largely rebuilt; 2 cross beams, chamfered to front room of wing. Roof: 7 jointed crucks, morticed and pegged at apex, cranked collars, morticed and pegged; 2 sets of trenched purlins; smoke blackening heaviest at rear end, with some sooted rafters. Main (E) range: Widened and re-roofed in C19; main room with 2 axial, chamfered, unstopped beams; the porch gives into a wide cross passage. South wing: 3 rooms, entrance and stair hall; the latter with 2 cross beams with scroll stops; remains of C17 stair, 2 turned newel posts and some turned balusters; C17 panelling survives with cyma recta moulding; middle room (hall?) fireplace with composite moulded stone jambs; (ovolo, cyma reversa with fillet) and big moulded stops; C19 rear lean-to but the ovolo moulded wall plate visible internally. Upper room to front of wing with C18 or early-C19 panelling; in a recess to one side of the large stack, presumably external to the smoke blackened former end wall of main (east) range (see above), are fragments of C17 panelling visible only from the roof space. Roof: trusses, all clean, collars halved and pegged, except over the middle room (hall?) where the roof construction is unusual : 2 jointed crucks to each end of a common rafter roof, each of the 14 common rafters set 18" apart with collar and arched brace, the latter attached to collar by old iron nails; no evidence of its having supported a plaster ceiling, although it may originally have been intended so to do.
Date first listed: 5th April 1966

Sources / Further Reading

SDV237394Migrated Record: W.
SDV23752Migrated Record: N.
SDV24Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV326863Migrated Record: Department of Environment.
SDV356414Report - Survey: Thorp, J.. 1995. Langford Court, Cullompton, Devon. Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants. K445. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV359962Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #73907 ]
SDV359963National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1168568.
SDV46892Migrated Record: FOSTER.
SDV4794Migrated Record: S.
SDV50946Migrated Record:
SDV50949Migrated Record: CONTAINING 7 JOINTED CRUCKS.
SDV50950Migrated Record: E.
SDV50954Migrated Record: E.
SDV50955Migrated Record: HALL?.
SDV50958Migrated Record:
SDV50959Migrated Record:
SDV50961Migrated Record:
SDV50962Migrated Record:
SDV50963Migrated Record:
SDV50964Migrated Record:
SDV50965Migrated Record:

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6443 - Survey after a fire at Langford Court, Cullompton

Date Last Edited:May 31 2017 10:50AM