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HER Number:MDV115144
Name:Orchards at Whitehall Farm, Luppitt Parish

Summary

The remains of probable post-medieval to 19th century ridges made for fruit tree planting and improved orchard drainage were visible as low, parallel earthwork banks on aerial photographs of the 1940s, 1980s, and digital images derived from lidar data captured in 2016, across two adjacent plots on the south-east-facing slopes at Whitehall Farm, Luppitt Parish.

Location

Grid Reference:ST 180 039
Map Sheet:ST10SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishLuppitt
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLUPPITT

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Traditional Farm Buildings marked on nineteenth century maps, within the curtilege of Listed Building Whitehall Farmhouse

Other References/Statuses

  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XX - 1540 AD to 1947 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

The banks correspond with plots depicted as orchards.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The banks correspond with plots depicted as orchards. Map object based partly on this source.


Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1974, RAF/CPE/UK/1974 F20 2442-2443 11-APR-1947 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356127.

Parallel earthwork banks were visible, under light tree cover.


Ordnance Survey, 1982, OS/82218 V, OS/82218 V 1154-1155 28-AUG-1982 (Aerial Photograph). SDV359504.

All tree planting had been cleared and parallel earthwork banks remained clearly visible. Map object based partly on this source.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution), Devon County Council 2010 Aerial Photograph mosaic (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

The banks remain visible as subtle earthworks.


Bluesky International, 2016, LiDAR DTM data (0.5m resolution) Blackdown Hills and East Devon AONBs: 3 transects, LIDAR ST1803 Bluesky International DTM 04-MAY-2016 (Cartographic). SDV359714.

The banks remain visible as earthworks.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2016-2018, The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV359463.

The remains of probable post-medieval to 19th century ridges made for fruit tree planting and improved orchard drainage were visible as low, parallel earthwork banks on aerial photographs of the 1940s and 1980s, across two adjacent plots on the south-east-facing slopes at Whitehall Farm, Luppitt Parish.
The banks were aligned cross contour and spaced between 5 and 6 metres apart. The earthworks correspond with plots depicted as orchards on the Tithe map for Luppit, and therefore predate circa 1840. The plots were only lightly planted with trees by 1947, with the banks clearly visible below. The orchards were completely cleared of trees by 1982, and the banks remain visible as slight earthworks on digital images derived from aerial photographs taken in 2010, by which point the eastern plot appears to have been replanted with trees in a traditional manner. The banks remain clearly visible as earthworks on digital images derived from lidar data captured in 2016.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. Devon County Council 2010 Aerial Photograph mosaic.
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV356127Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1974. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1974 F20 2442-2443 11-APR-1947.
SDV359463Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2016-2018. The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:2
SDV359504Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1982. OS/82218 V. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). OS/82218 V 1154-1155 28-AUG-1982.
SDV359714Cartographic: Bluesky International. 2016. LiDAR DTM data (0.5m resolution) Blackdown Hills and East Devon AONBs: 3 transects. Not applicable. Digital. LIDAR ST1803 Bluesky International DTM 04-MAY-2016.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7508 - The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme (NMP) project (Ref: ACD1228)

Date Last Edited:Mar 20 2018 12:51PM