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HER Number:MDV115466
Name:Orchard west of Broadhayes Farm, Stockland

Summary

The remains of ridges, probably made for tree planting or improved drainage from the post-medieval period to the early 20th century were visible on aerial photographs as low and narrow parallel earthwork banks on the south-east facing slopes south-west of Broadhayes Farm, Stockland.

Location

Grid Reference:ST 231 022
Map Sheet:ST20SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishStockland
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSTOCKLAND

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XX - 1540 AD to 1996 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

The plot (1616) was depicted as an orchard. Map object based on this source.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The plot is no longer depicted as an orchard.


Ordnance Survey, 1996, OS/96569, OS/96569 V 96 08-MAY-1996 (Aerial Photograph). SDV359324.

Narrow parallel earthwork banks are visible as slight earthworks over part of the former orchard area.


Next Perspectives, 2014, Aerial Photography for Great Britain, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery ST2302 08-SEP-2014 (Aerial Photograph). SDV359479.

The banks remain visible as slight earthworks and cropmarks.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

Map object based on this source.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2016-2018, The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV359463.

The remains of ridges, probably made for tree planting or improved drainage from the post-medieval period to the early 20th century were visible on aerial photographs of 1996 as low and narrow parallel earthwork banks on the south-east facing slopes south-west of Broadhayes Farm, Stockland.
The visible banks extended over an area of roughly 0.4 hectares and were spaced approximately 7 metres apart. They fell within a much larger area depicted as an orchard plot on Tithe Map for Stockland and are therefore interpreted as former ridges made for fruit tree planting and improved orchard drainage. They were aligned cross contour, presumably to aid drainage towards combe and stream to the south.
The plot was not depicted as an orchard on the Ordnance Survey First Edition 25 inch map and had probably therefore been cleared of trees by the 1880s.
The arrangement of the banks remains visible as cropmarks and possible slight earthworks on digital images derived from aerial photographs taken in 2014.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV359324Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1996. OS/96569. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. OS/96569 V 96 08-MAY-1996.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV359463Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2016-2018. The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:2
SDV359479Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2014. Aerial Photography for Great Britain. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery ST2302 08-SEP-2014.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7508 - The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme (NMP) project (Ref: ACD1228)

Date Last Edited:Mar 20 2018 12:55PM