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HER Number:MDV116526
Name:Extraction Pit and Orchard north-east of Yeatlands Farm, Axminster

Summary

A probable post-medieval or early modern extractive pit is visible as an earthwork on images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2014 and on aerial photographs taken from 1947 onwards. The land then seems to have been used for orchard from at least the mid-19th century.

Location

Grid Reference:ST 275 004
Map Sheet:ST20SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishAxminster
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishAXMINSTER

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • EXTRACTIVE PIT (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1840 AD)
  • ORCHARD (XIX to XX - 1840 AD to 1906 AD)

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Trees are depicted in this location.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

No orchard trees are depicted in this location.


Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1974, RAF/CPE/UK/1975 FP 1124-1125 11-APR-1947 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356127.

An earthwork pit is visible.


Environment Agency, 1998-2014, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), LIDAR ST2700 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014 (Cartographic). SDV359177.

An earthwork pit is visible.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2016-2018, The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV359463.

An irregular earthwork pit, 67 by 28 metres, is visible on images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2014 and on aerial photographs taken from 1947 onwards. Orchard trees are depicted in this area on the Tithe map, but not the late-19th century OS mapping. The earthwork is interpreted as the remains of a post-medieval or early modern extraction pit that had ceased use by the mid-19th century and in common with many similar pits in the East Devon area, was subsequently reused for fruit tree cultivation.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV356127Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1974. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1975 FP 1124-1125 11-APR-1947.
SDV359177Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2014. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR ST2700 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014. [Mapped feature: #75856 ]
SDV359463Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2016-2018. The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:2

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7508 - The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme (NMP) project (Ref: ACD1228)

Date Last Edited:Mar 20 2018 1:09PM