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HER Number:MDV116631
Name:Peat cutters building on Whitehorse Hill

Summary

Peat cutters building on the southern flank of Whitehorse Hill.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 616 847
Map Sheet:SX68SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Structural remains of a peat-cutters shelter on Whitehorse Hill

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 68 SW 34
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SW/110
  • Pastscape: 443965
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BUILDING (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 13/04/1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1995 (Aerial Photograph). SDV224714.


Le Messurier, B., 1978, Post-Prehistoric Structures in Central North Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV269282.

SX 61708470. On the watershed, at the kink in the ridge, is a rectangular hut, its walls badly repaired. Internally it is 1.8 metres by 2.6 metres with a fireplace on the east side. Peat cutting nearby.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Clearly visible on the 1947 Royal Air Force aerial photography.


English Heritage, 2005, Industrial Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV346396.


National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, Accessed 20/09/2016 (Website). SDV359354.

At SX 61688473 is a hut as described by Le Messurier, with walling 0.6 metres thick and a maximum height of 0.9 metres. Although the inner face forms a rectangle the outer side is augmented by further rubble 1.4 metres thick and 0.5 metres high very much as though the builidng has been adapted from a hut circle. No entrance is visible.
The hut is in an area of peat digging and almost certainly associated with this, at least in its later stage.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD. See ground photograph (citing Quinnell, N. V., Field Investigators Comments, 12/09/1979).
Report as in Authority 1 now published (citing Le Messurier, ., Transactions of the Devonshire Association, 111, 1979, 66).
The remains of a building lie on the southern flank of Whitehorse Hill at SX 6168 8473. This ruinous, rectangular structure lies in an area which has been cut for peat and was probably used by the peat cutters for shelter and storage. It measures 2.6 metres east-west and 1.9 metres north-south, with walls of coursed moorstone blocks up to 0.9 metres high. There is an entrance in the south-western corner and traces of an internal subdivision. The structure appears to have been partially rebuilt, but there is no clear evidence that it has been adapted from a hut circle as suggested in 1979 (citing Riley, H., Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England Field Investigation, 01/08/1995).
This ruined structure is as previously described. There has been some rebuilding to the tops of the walls - probably by walkers (citing Fletcher, M., English Heritage Field Investigation, 20/10/2003).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV224714Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 13/04/1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1995. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper).
SDV269282Un-published: Le Messurier, B.. 1978. Post-Prehistoric Structures in Central North Dartmoor. Manuscript.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346396Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Industrial Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital. [Mapped feature: #75957 ]
SDV359354Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. Accessed 20/09/2016.

Associated Monuments

MDV16522Related to: Streamworks along the East Dart River, centred at Broad Marsh (Monument)
MDV7770Related to: Tinners' hut on the East Dart River (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 20 2016 2:25PM