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HER Number:MDV116632
Name:Streamworks on the River Tavy and its tributaries within Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Medieval or later streamworks situated within the River Tavy and its tributaries within Dartmoor Forest. The earthworks cover an area of 17 hectares and an archaeological survey of 1995 recorded small, isolated bands of low spoil heaps on bends in the river and at some of the confluences The majority of the visible remains were identified adjacent to three of its tributaries, Western and Eastern Red Lake and Fur Tor Brook. These streams are flanked by well-defined, worked areas with regular parallel spoil heaps and water channels. Few achieved any great depth, the maximum being 3 metres on the right bank of the Western Red Lake.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 580 829
Map Sheet:SX58SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of medieval or later streamworking along Black Ridge Brook
  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of medieval or later streamworking along Cut Combe Water
  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of medieval or later streamworking along Cut Combe Water
  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of medieval or later streamworking and tinners' hut at Furtor Ford
  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of medieval or later streamworking along the Amicombe Brook
  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of medieval or later streamworking and remains of a tinners' hut by Amicombe Brook
  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of medieval or later streamworking and remains of tinners' huts at Sandy Ford and Eastern Red Lake
  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of medieval or later streamworking and remains of tinners' huts at Sandy Ford and Eastern Red Lake
  • SHINE: Structural remains of Bronze Age hut circles and earthwork remains of medieval or later streamworking along Western Red Lake
  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of medieval or later streamworking and remains of tinners' huts along the River Tavy and Fur Tor Brook
  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of medieval or later streamworking and remains of tinners' huts at Tavy Hole
  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of medieval or later streamworking and remains of tinners' huts east of Walkham Head

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX58SE37
  • Pastscape: 1063510
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STREAMWORKS (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

English Heritage, 2005, Industrial Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV346396.


National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape (Website). SDV359354.

Centred SX 572832. Approximately 17 hectares of tin streamworking remains on the upper reaches of the River Tavy from Tavy Head to Watern Oke - its confluence with the Rattle Brook (streamworks on the Rattle Brook recorded as NMR SX 58 NE 47). The former workings on the Tavy consist of small, isolated bands of low spoil heaps on bends in the river and at some of the confluences though much of the upper reaches of the Tavy and Amicombe Brook flow through broad marshes which may conceal further remains. The majority of the visible remains lie adjacent to three of its tributaries, Western and Eastern Red Lake and Fur Tor Brook. These streams are flanked by well-defined, worked areas with regular parallel spoil heaps and water channels. Few achieve any great depth, the maximum being 3m on the right bank of the Western Red Lake. Six tinners' huts and five other structures lie within or relatively near the former workings. (See related records for further details) (citing Probert, S., 15/08/1995, Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England Field Investigation and Probert, S. A. J., 21/08/1998, English Heritage Field Investigation).
This streamwork on Western Red Lake remains as described (citing Probert, S. A. J., 15/02/2001 English Heritage Field Investigation).
The fragmentary and rather ephemeral streamworks on Cut Combe Water, Black Ridge Brook and Amicombe Brook as well as the larger workings on the Tavy and Red Lakes remain as described by Probert (1995). There are no signs of recent disturbance to the monuments (citing Newman, P., 21/08/2003 English Heriatge Field Investigation).
As described by Newman (2003). Condition remains unchanged (citing Newman, P., 10/08/2004, Merrivale Range Baseline Condition Survey).


Newman , P., 2018, Archaeological Sites within Merrivale Training Area, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: A condition survey on behalf of Defence Infrastructure Organisation (Report - Survey). SDV361635.

Several discrete areas of tin streamworks along the riverside and small tributariesof the South River Tavy.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV346396Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Industrial Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital. [Mapped features: #75959 ; #112709 ; #112710 ; #112711 ; #112712 ; #112713 ; #112714 ; #112715 ; #112716 ; #112717 ; #112718 ; #112719 ; #112720 ; #112721 ; #112735 ; #112736 ; #112737 ; #112738 ; #112739 ]
SDV359354Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.
SDV361635Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2018. Archaeological Sites within Merrivale Training Area, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: A condition survey on behalf of Defence Infrastructure Organisation. Southwest Landscape Investigations. A4 Comb Bound.

Associated Monuments

MDV122553Related to: Ruined tinners' building beside Fur Tor Brook (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6663 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6664 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6665 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV7441 - Condition survey of the archaeological sites of Merrivale Training Area
  • EDV7570 - Condition survey of Merrivale Range training area
  • EDV7620 - Okehampton Artillary Range

Date Last Edited:Aug 3 2018 3:36PM