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HER Number:MDV11693
Name:Hengiscot Enclosure


D-shaped Iron Age defensive enclosure in Castle Wood known as 'Hengiscot'


Grid Reference:SS 425 084
Map Sheet:SS40NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBradford
Ecclesiastical ParishBRADFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Hengiscot. Iron Age D shaped enclosure in Castle Wood

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS40NW/16

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Iron Age - 700 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Fosse Camp (Remains of)' shown on19th century map.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Fosse Camp' shown in Castle Wood on early 20th century map.

Wall, J. C., 1906, Ancient Earthworks, 603 (Article in Monograph). SDV341465.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1978, SS40NW4 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV5622.

Known as 'Hengiscot'. A D-shaped earthwork on the end of a spur. A single rampart and outer ditch measuring 94 meters by 76 meters, 0.7 hectares in area. Levelled interior. Rampart circa 8 meters wide, barely 0.2 meters high on inner face, 0.8 meters high on outer. Ditch visible along north side, 0.3 meters deep, 3-4 meters wide. Entrance a simple break in south, with vestiges of causeway across ditch. This can never have been a strong site. It appears to be a defended settlement of Iron Age type.

Hogg, A. H. A., 1979, British Hillforts: An Index, 192 (Monograph). SDV7953.

Griffith, F. M., 1993, Untitled Source (Site Visit). SDV5624.

This site appears to be in stable condition under woodland. The woodland appears long established and contains indicator species of ancient woodland (dog mercury, bluebells). It is not completely clear that the entrance in the southern side is original, but no other candidates observed. Rampart extremely slight on western side, and only circa 0.5 meters on northern side. Up to 2 meters on east - where it lies set back from the break of slope over River Torridge. Slight counterscarp visible outside ditch on southern side. In good stable condition under generally benign management - all the tree damage has presumably taken place long ago.

Gent, T. H., 2005, Archaeological recording at Henscott, Bradford, 1 (Report - Watching Brief). SDV321861.

Exeter Archaeology, 2006, Archaeological assessment of land at the rear of Barn Close, Shebbear, 1 (Report - Assessment). SDV338106.

D-shaped defensive enclosure in Castle Wood hnown as 'Hengiscot'.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV321861Report - Watching Brief: Gent, T. H.. 2005. Archaeological recording at Henscott, Bradford. Exeter Archaeology Report. 05.15. A4 Stapled + Digital. 1.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV338106Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 2006. Archaeological assessment of land at the rear of Barn Close, Shebbear. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.96. A4 Stapled + Digital. 1.
SDV341465Article in Monograph: Wall, J. C.. 1906. Ancient Earthworks. Victoria History of the County of Devon. Hardback Volume. 603.
SDV5622Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1978. SS40NW4. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV5624Site Visit: Griffith, F. M.. 1993.
SDV7953Monograph: Hogg, A. H. A.. 1979. British Hillforts: An Index. British Hill-forts: An Index. 62. Unknown. 192.

Associated Monuments

MDV11692Related to: Henscott (Monument)
MDV71407Related to: Henscott Post Holes (Monument)
MDV71404Related to: PIT in the Parish of Bradford (Monument)
MDV71406Related to: Roman Hearth to the east of Henscot (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4196 - Archaeological Assessment at Barn Close, Shebbear

Date Last Edited:Jan 10 2011 11:30AM