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HER Number:MDV117272
Name:Prison slaughterhouse, princetown


No longer extant, this was the site of the slaughterhouse and butchery for the war prison and is depicted on the Tithe Map. Not shown on later historic maps and this is now the site of the school.


Grid Reference:SX 259 073
Map Sheet:SX20NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ABATTOIR (XIX - 1809 AD to 1810 AD)

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Building is depicted on the Tithe Map.

Joy, R., 2002, Dartmoor Prison A Complete Illustrated History Volume 1 The War Prison 1809-1816 Parcere Subjectis, 33, figure (Monograph). SDV359842.

A slaughterhouse was opened on the site of what is now the village school in the early 19th century to feed the war prisoners (over 10,000 men including the staff). The stream, now called Moor Brook, runs down to the Blackabrook River past the site of the butchery building, providing a fresh supply of water. After it had been used, the water was diverted to the foul leat that carried sewerage from the war prison to Thomas Tyrwitt's land.

Stanbrook, E., 2002, Dartmoor's War Prison & Church 1805-1817, 29, 36, 54 (Monograph). SDV359848.

A slaughterhouse was requested in 1809 and built at a cost of £370. It was still under construction a year later; taking 10 months to complete. In July 1813 a fire broke out at the slaughterhouse, which had originally been thatched. The roof was completely destroyed and it was decided to replace it with slates.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital. [Mapped feature: #76569 ]
SDV359842Monograph: Joy, R.. 2002. Dartmoor Prison A Complete Illustrated History Volume 1 The War Prison 1809-1816 Parcere Subjectis. Dartmoor Prison A Complete Illustrated History. 1. Hardback Volume. 33, figure.
SDV359848Monograph: Stanbrook, E.. 2002. Dartmoor's War Prison & Church 1805-1817. Dartmoor's War Prison & Church 1805-1817. Paperback Volume. 29, 36, 54.

Associated Monuments

MDV15309Related to: Dartmoor Prison, Princetown (Building)
MDV18410Related to: Foul water prison Leat, Princetown (Monument)
MDV134762Related to: K6 telephone box opposite war memorial, Princetown (Building)
MDV51420Related to: Princetown Primary School (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project

Date Last Edited:Feb 19 2024 1:20PM