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HER Number:MDV118173
Name:Former woodland north of Lower Wescot, Payhembury parish

Summary

The remains of ridges made for tree planting and improved drainage probably of post-medieval to mid-19th century date, were visible as low parallel earthwork banks on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards and digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2014 on the north-west-facing slopes north of Lower Wescott.

Location

Grid Reference:ST 058 000
Map Sheet:ST00SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishTalaton
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTALATON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XX - 1540 AD to 1946 AD (Between))

Full description

South West Heritage Trust, 1838-1848, Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments (Cartographic). SDV359954.

Plot 70 is listed as Middle Orchard.


Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

The visible earthworks ccorrespond with plot 70.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The visible earthworks correspond with a plot depicted as an orchard.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4234-4235 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

The orchard plot remained densely planted.


Environment Agency, 1998-2014, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), LIDAR ST0500 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014 (Cartographic). SDV359177.

Linear parallel banks were visible as earthworks.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2016-2018, The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV359463.

The remains of parallel ridges were visible as low parallel earthwork banks on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2014. The plot in which the banks were visible was depicted as an orchard or plantation on the Ordnance Survey 25 inch First Edition map and was listed as Plot 70, Middle Plantation on the Tithe map and apportionments for Payhembury.
The earthworks are therefore interpreted as the remains of banks made for fruit tree planting and improved orchard drainage, dating possibly from the post-medieval period or the 19th century. The plot remained heavily wooded on aerial photographs of 1946 and the orchard therefore passed out of use in the second half of the 20th century.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #77447 ]
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4234-4235 04-NOV-1946.
SDV359177Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2014. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR ST0500 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014.
SDV359463Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2016-2018. The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:2
SDV359954Cartographic: South West Heritage Trust. 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Digital.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7508 - The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme (NMP) project (Ref: ACD1228)

Date Last Edited:Mar 20 2018 1:26PM