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HER Number:MDV118194
Name:Extractive pit within Higher Orchard, Payhembury parish

Summary

A former extractive pit of possible medieval to mid-19th century date was visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of the 1960s onwards and digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2014.

Location

Grid Reference:ST 069 007
Map Sheet:ST00SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishPayhembury
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPAYHEMBURY

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • EXTRACTIVE PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

South West Heritage Trust, 1838-1848, Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments (Cartographic). SDV359954.

Plot 696 was listed as Higher Orchard.


Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

The visible earthwork does not correspond with a depicted pit.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The visible earthwork does not correspond with a depicted pit but matches the extent of a small Copse.


BKS Surveys Ltd, 1967, BKS/2822, BKS/2822 V 3041-3042 14-MAR-1967 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354836.

A pit was visible as an earthwork through tree cover.


Environment Agency, 1998-2014, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), LIDAR ST0600 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014 (Cartographic). SDV359177.

A pit was visible as an earthwork.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2016-2018, The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV359463.

An irregularly shaped pit circa 45 by 35 metres in size was visible as an earthwork through orchard tree cover on aerial photograph of 1967 and on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2014.
The visible earthworks did not correspond with any pit features explicitly depicted in this location on the 19th century mapping available to the survey, but did correspond closely with a small copse depicted within an orchard on the OS First Edition 25 inch map, named as Higher Orchard on the Tithe Apportionment for Payhembury.
This supports the interpretation that the visible earthworks are the remains of an extractive that pit had passed out of use prior to the mid-to-late 19th century. A pond remains depicted in this location on the current OS MasterMap base layer.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

The visible earthwork corresponds with a depicted pond.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV354836Aerial Photograph: BKS Surveys Ltd. 1967. BKS/2822. BKS Surveys Ltd. Photograph (Paper). BKS/2822 V 3041-3042 14-MAR-1967.
SDV359177Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2014. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR ST0600 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014. [Mapped feature: #77469 ]
SDV359463Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2016-2018. The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:2
SDV359954Cartographic: South West Heritage Trust. 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Digital.
SDV359962Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7508 - The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme (NMP) project (Ref: ACD1228)

Date Last Edited:Mar 20 2018 1:26PM