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HER Number:MDV119183
Name:Gun pit on Mardon Down

Summary

World War II gun pit on the north-eastern arc of the stone circle, consisting of a circular, flat bottomed pit of 4 metres diameter and 1 metre deep with an embanked circumference.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 767 872
Map Sheet:SX78NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMoretonhampstead
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishMORETONHAMPSTEAD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • GUN EMPLACEMENT (Constructed, World War II - 1939 AD to 1945 AD (Between))

Full description

Newman , P., 2017, A Stone Circle and Cairn Group on Mardon Down, Moretonhampstead, Devon, 5-7, figure 2 (Report - Survey). SDV360188.

During World War II, training activity on Mardon Down included the installation of a number of sunken, circular earthworks, which may have housed heavy machine guns or other anti-aircraft weaponry. One of these has been imposed into the north-eastern arc of the stone circle. The earthwork comprises a circular, flat bottomed pit of 4 metres diameter and 1 metre deep with an embanked circumference on all but the western, upslope arc. It is not known if any stones were removed when this pit was dug but it is unlikely. However, a substantial slab is visible, lying horizontal and buried in the eastern cut section of the pit; it is possible this was once a component of the circle.


Passmore, M. + Passmore, J. + Passmore, A., 2019, Mardon Down, Dartmoor, United States Army Training Area, pg 4 fig (Leaflet). SDV363123.

Gun pits on Mardon Down. These are likely to have been emplacements for mortars – lightweight, portable muzzle-loading weapons (see image on page 4). The slit trenches and mortar positions might have been for training purposes, but may also have had a defensive role.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV360188Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2017. A Stone Circle and Cairn Group on Mardon Down, Moretonhampstead, Devon. Southwest Landscape Investigations. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. 5-7, figure 2. [Mapped feature: #78471 ]
SDV363123Leaflet: Passmore, M. + Passmore, J. + Passmore, A.. 2019. Mardon Down, Dartmoor, United States Army Training Area. Number 50. Digital. pg 4 fig.

Associated Monuments

MDV119196Related to: Gun pit 40 metres north-east of seasonal pond on Mardon Down (Monument)
MDV119195Related to: Gun pit 60 metres north-east of Giant's Grave, Mardon Down (Monument)
MDV8289Related to: Mardon Down Stone Circle, Moretonhampstead (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7270 - Survey of cairn cemetery, stone circle and other earthworks on Mardon Down

Date Last Edited:Aug 6 2019 8:00AM