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HER Number:MDV119581
Name:Prehistoric enclosure to the north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy

Summary

A roughly circular enclosure of probable Bronze Age date is visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017, as an earthwork on the on the south-facing slopes below Wigford Down, north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm. The enclosure has been incorporated into a later, probable medieval field system.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 551 646
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMeavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVEY
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVY
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Faint earthwork remains of a prehistoric pound and associated field system north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm
  • SHINE: Faint earthwork remains of a prehistoric pound and associated field system north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SW/121
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) POUND (LANEBA to VII - 2300 BC to 700 AD)
  • CIRCULAR ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

South West Heritage Trust, 1838-1848, Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments (Cartographic). SDV359954.

Northern section shown on 19th century Meavy Tithe Map.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Northern section shown on 19th century map.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, RAF/106G/UK/1190 RS 4237-4238 27-FEB-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363067.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks.

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/58/6399, RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363068.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5564 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks.

Berry, N., 2005, Archaeological and Historic Landscape Survey of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy, Devon, Sites 61, Site Distribution Map, Site Summary, Site Inventory (Report - Survey). SDV360144.

Large almost circular enclosure set in the north-east corner of Field Number 809 on the Tithe Map. The north-east boundary of the field has encircled the upper boundary of the enclosure while the lower boundary of the pound is a substantial earthwork up to 2 metres high. The pound is circa 50 metres in diameter. There are no internal features apart from a stone dump in the north-west corner. It is one of several Prehistoric features in this part of the property.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Squarish enclosure visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Northern section shown on modern mapping. Map object partly based on this source.

Google, 2019, Google Earth Pro, EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 08-AUG-2015 ACCESSED 14-OCT-2019 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363088.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

Spread banks up to circa 9m wide are visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards as earthworks defining a roughly circular enclosure approximately 40m across, on the on the south-facing slopes below Wigford Down, north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm.
The enclosure is probably Bronze Age in origin but has been incorporated into a later, probable medieval field system. Extant boundaries follow the northern edge of the enclosure.
The earthworks abut the remains of a second similar, if slightly larger enclosure immediately to the west.
The enclosure remains identifiable as earthworks on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007 and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017.
The enclosure has previously been interpreted as a pound but a function for the feature cannot be interpreted from form alone.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV359954Cartographic: South West Heritage Trust. 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Digital.
SDV359962Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV360144Report - Survey: Berry, N.. 2005. Archaeological and Historic Landscape Survey of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy, Devon. National Trust Report. A4 Comb Bound. Sites 61, Site Distribution Map, Site Summary, Site Inventory.
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5564 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363067Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1190 RS 4237-4238 27-FEB-1946.
SDV363068Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964.
SDV363088Aerial Photograph: Google. 2019. Google Earth Pro. Various. Digital. EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 08-AUG-2015 ACCESSED 14-OCT-2019.

Associated Monuments

MDV127081Part of: Medieval field system north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119584Related to: Bank to the west of the Pound to the north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119592Related to: Enclosure to the east of the Pound to the north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV12898Related to: Higher Cadworthy Farmstead, Meavy (Monument)
MDV77828Related to: Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119586Related to: Mound to the north of the Pound to the north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV127083Related to: Prehistoric enclosure to the north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119589Related to: Rectilinear enclosure north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7251 - Lower Cadworthy Farm: Archaeological and Historic Landscape Survey
  • EDV5292 - Survey of buildings at Lower Cadworthy, Meavy
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 12 2019 4:19PM