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HER Number:MDV119589
Name:Rectilinear enclosure north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy

Summary

LA rectilinear enclosure of possible prehistoric or medieval date is visible on visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017 defined by spread earthwork banks in the south-west corner of a field, approximately 400m north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 552 646
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMeavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVEY
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVY
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Faint earthwork remains of a prehistoric pound and associated field system north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SW/121

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) EARTHWORK (Unknown date)
  • (Former Type) SCARP (Unknown date)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

South West Heritage Trust, 1838-1848, Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments (Cartographic). SDV359954.

Not shown on 19th century Meavy Tithe Map.

South West Heritage Trust, 1838-1848, Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments (Cartographic). SDV359954.

The visible earthworks do not correspond with any field boundary depicted on the Tithe Map for Meavy.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Not shown on 19th century map.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5564 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

Linear banks are visible as earthworks.

Berry, N., 2005, Archaeological and Historic Landscape Survey of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy, Devon, Sites 65, Site Distribution Map, Site Summary, Site Inventory (Report - Survey). SDV360144.

Series of low scarps and earthworks in the South-west corner of Field Number 813 on the Tithe Map. The first runs circa 30 metres east-south-east from a slight kink in the western boundary to a small stone dump. Another low scarp runs from the stone dump south-south-west towards the corner of the field. To the south is another slight earthwork that may be the upper boundary of a small enclosure in Field Number 808 on the Tithe Map. These features may be of Prehistoric origin but are largely ploughed out.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Not visible on aerial photograph.

Environment Agency, 2011, LIDAR data JPEG images (2 metre resolution) (Cartographic). SDV348634.

Several linear features visible on Lidar image.

Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Not shown on modern mapping.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

Earthwork banks up to circa 8m wide are visible on visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017, defining a rectilinear enclosure approximately 30 by 15m in size, in the south-west corner of a field, approximately 400m north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm.
The visible earthworks do not correspond with any boundaries depicted on the 19th or early 20th century maps available to the survey but do appear to be aligned on field boundaries of probable medieval origin.
The banks have previously been interpreted as potentially of prehistoric origin. However, the possible relationship with the surrounding field pattern make an interpretation as medieval boundary banks more convincing, potentially associated with a deserted settlement in this area
The banks have been transcribed as part of the surrounding field system (MDV127081).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV348634Cartographic: Environment Agency. 2011. LIDAR data JPEG images (2 metre resolution). Digital.
SDV359954Cartographic: South West Heritage Trust. 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Digital.
SDV359962Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV360144Report - Survey: Berry, N.. 2005. Archaeological and Historic Landscape Survey of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy, Devon. National Trust Report. A4 Comb Bound. Sites 65, Site Distribution Map, Site Summary, Site Inventory.
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5564 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #123335 ]
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV127081Part of: Medieval field system north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119592Related to: Enclosure to the east of the Pound to the north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV12898Related to: Higher Cadworthy Farmstead, Meavy (Monument)
MDV77828Related to: Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119581Related to: Prehistoric enclosure to the north-east of Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7251 - Lower Cadworthy Farm: Archaeological and Historic Landscape Survey
  • EDV5292 - Survey of buildings at Lower Cadworthy, Meavy
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 12 2019 4:48PM