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HER Number:MDV119752
Name:Cart Bays and Linhays at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior

Summary

Five cart bays and three linhays on the north-west side of Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works

Location

Grid Reference:SX 533 636
Map Sheet:SX56SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CART SHED (Built, XIX to XX - 1850 AD to 1950 AD (Between))
  • LINHAY (Built, XIX to XX - 1850 AD to 1950 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Rectangular building shown on 19th century map.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Long rectangular structure shown on early 20th century map.


Smith , J. R. + Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1996, Shaugh Bridge China-Clay Works: An Archaeological Evaluation, Sites 2-8, 7-8 + survey (Report - Evaluation). SDV360309.

Site 2: Six granite masonry piers supported the front edge of the kiln roof and form the front wall of the linhay. The spaces between the piers form the entrances to the cart bays. The four north-eastern piers survive to full height of circa 3.1 metres but the south-western two have been reduced to circa 1.7 metres. One carries a plaque inscribed '1895' which must have been added during a refurbishment or extension phase.
Site 3: Five cart bays provided access for horse-drawn vehicles to load the finished clay. The bays are circa 2 metres wide and vary in length from 4.8 to 6 metres. The facing of the bays is generally granite rubble with re-used pan-kiln tiles incorporated in places suggesting phases of repair and rebuild.
Sites 4-6: Three sections of linhay or clay storage originally built as one space with two internal walls added later. The rear wall averages 5 metres high which also forms the front edge of the heated pan at the higher level. The intrusion of the cart bays suggests that the clay was stored in block from which could be stacked neatly.
Site 7: At the southern end of the linhay space the rear wall has been strengthened by an additional masonry buttress. This is directly below the hottest part of the pan above and may be an indicator of damage caused by thermal stress.
Site 8: Abutting the southern end of the linhay is a collapsed structure which was roofed but now only represented by low walls 0.5 metres high.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Long rectangular structure shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #79033 ]
  • Report - Evaluation: Smith , J. R. + Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1996. Shaugh Bridge China-Clay Works: An Archaeological Evaluation. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. A4 Spiral Bound. Sites 2-8, 7-8 + survey.

Associated Monuments

MDV2218Part of: Shaugh Prior China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119758Related to: Access Track at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119788Related to: Building and extension wall at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Building)
MDV119751Related to: Building at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Building)
MDV119756Related to: Chimney at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119759Related to: Earthwork south of Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119755Related to: Furnaces at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Building)
MDV119782Related to: Mica Pit at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119785Related to: Settling Pits and associated Features at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119779Related to: Settling Tank and Slurry Channels at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119753Related to: Shelter at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Building)
MDV119754Related to: Store or Lavatory at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Building)
MDV119757Related to: Thickening Tanks at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119760Related to: Two Settling Tanks at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119778Related to: Wall enclosing four Pillars at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7338 - Shaugh Bridge China-Clay Works: An Archaeological Evaluation

Date Last Edited:Feb 20 2018 11:54AM