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HER Number:MDV120734
Name:Earthwork banks on the western flank of Halstock Down

Summary

Fragments of earthwork bank lying on the western flank of Halstock Down adjacent to the military ring road closely associated with a cluster of 34 small clearance cairns. Initially thought to represent a contemporary field system, these bank fragments are now thought to be from the later prehistoric or even historic period and may not indicate a field system.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 598 923
Map Sheet:SX59SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishOkehampton Hamlets
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishOKEHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 59 SE 22
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX59SE/197
  • Old SAM Ref: 28717
  • Pastscape: 440888

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Early Iron Age to Modern - 700 BC? to 2013 AD (Between))

Full description

Fleming, A., 1980, The Cairnfields of North-West Dartmoor, 9-12 (Article in Serial). SDV251119.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 149166,22/6/1999 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

at SX59799226. Irregular aggregate field system 800 metres south of Moorgate Farm.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1998, Cairnfield (Worksheet). SDV221149.

Within the area of the prehistoric cairnfield are several substantial lengths of straggly and sinuous prehistoric bank.
Whole area needs careful survey.


Environment Agency WMS, 1998-2016, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution) (Cartographic). SDV360209.

Lidar image shows the fragments of bank as recorded.


Oates, M., 2017, Information about the field system on the western flank of Halstock Down (Personal Comment). SDV360698.

Site was visited and lidar data used to track the so-called field boundaries; thought that these do not represent fields.


Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England, 1999 scheduling (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

The monument, which falls into two areas, is overlooked by Rowtor and includes at least 29 small mounds forming a cairnfield, an irregular aggregate field system consisting of at least five fields, a stone hut circle, a cairn containing a cist, a ring cairn and two further mounds which may contain burials. Although now lying just outside the Okehampton Range, the area has been intensively used for military training in the past and scores of pits and trenches bear testimony to this activity.
The field system is defined by a series of sinuous low rubble banks which together form at least five fields, which have been added over a period of time. At the northern end of the field system is an oval structure which may represent a broadly contemporary stone hut circle. Within the eastern part of the field system is an 8.3m diameter and 0.5m high cairn. In the centre of this mound is a pit, one side of which is denoted by a large edge set stone which may represent one edge of a much disturbed cist.


National Monument Record, 2018, Pastscape, 18/08/2003 (Website). SDV360651.

Centred SX 59739227. A cluster of 34 small clearance cairns and fragments of an apparently contemporary field system lie on the western flank of Halstock Down adjacent to the military ring road.
The associated field system comprises a number of sinuous banks around 2.0 metres wide and 0.5 metres high forming an irregular and incomplete field pattern over this part of the down. Several of the cairns sit upon or continue the course of these banks and would seem to constitute preliminary clearance to supply material for the enclosure of this area.
Whilst resembling a Bronze Age field system the clearance cairns and banks somewhat uncharacteristically enclose what would have been contemporary sepulchral monuments and should therefore be regarded as later prehistoric or even belonging to the historic period. Similar relationships exist between Bronze Age cairns and aborted enclosures on Homerton Hill (see Pastscape 1393507).
Citing Probert, S. A. J., 18/08/2003 English Heritage Field Investigation.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV221149Worksheet: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1998. Cairnfield. Worksheet. Digital.
SDV251119Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1980. The Cairnfields of North-West Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 38. 9-12.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 149166,22/6/1999.
SDV360209Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 1998-2016. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. [Mapped features: #79975 ; #79976 ]
SDV360651Website: National Monument Record. 2018. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 18/08/2003.
SDV360653National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1999 scheduling.
SDV360698Personal Comment: Oates, M.. 2017. Information about the field system on the western flank of Halstock Down. Not Applicable.

Associated Monuments

MDV60252Related to: CAIRN in the Parish of Okehampton Hamlets (Monument)
MDV60253Related to: CAIRN in the Parish of Okehampton Hamlets (Monument)
MDV60255Related to: CAIRN in the Parish of Okehampton Hamlets (Monument)
MDV58789Related to: Cairnfield on the western flank of Halstock Down (Monument)
MDV22786Related to: CEMETERY in the Parish of Okehampton Hamlets (Monument)
MDV60254Related to: Destroyed cairn on Halstock Down (Monument)
MDV28947Related to: Military Practice Trenches to the north of Rowtor, Okehampton Hamlets (Monument)
MDV58788Related to: RING CAIRN in the Parish of Okehampton Hamlets (Monument)
MDV60257Related to: Round cairn 900 metres south of Moorgate Farm (Monument)
MDV60258Related to: Round cairn 930 metres south of Moorgate Farm (Monument)
MDV60259Related to: TRENCH in the Parish of Okehampton Hamlets (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jan 15 2018 2:04PM