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HER Number:MDV12084
Name:Charles, Brayford

Summary

Charles is first recorded as Carmes in the Domesday Survey of 1086. The name is Celtic in origin suggesting a post Roman settlement here.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 687 330
Map Sheet:SS63SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBrayford
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCHARLES

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS63SE/17

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • SETTLEMENT (Roman to Late Medieval - 43 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, SS63SE3 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV340004.


Reichel, O. J., 1928 - 1938, The Hundred of Shirwell in Early Times, 432,433,437,463,464,468,469,475, 481,482,491,560 (Article in Monograph). SDV340003.

Charles was 'Carmes' in Domesday. It was held by Robert de Ponte Cardonis of Baldwin the Sheriff. Before the conquest it was held by Brismar. Early descents of the Manor are given.


Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1931, The Place-Names of Devon: Part One, 62 (Monograph). SDV1312.

Charles was first mentioned as 'Carmes' in 1086 and 'Charnes' in the 13th and 14th centuries. Celtic place-name containing British words for 'rock' and 'court or palace'. Possibly once the residence of a chieftain and therefore of considerable importance.


Grinsell, L. V., 1970, The Archaeology of Exmoor, 10, 211 (Monograph). SDV1641.

Charles, Celtic settlement. A Celtic settlement of Post-Roman period is believed to have existed at Charles which has a Celtic place name.


Exeter Archaeology, 1998, Bray Valley Quarries, Brayford: Consolidating Planning Application: Archaeological Assessment, 3 (Report - Assessment). SDV65480.


Humphreys, C., 2002, Charlestown Barton, Charles, Devon. Archaeological and Historic Building Assessment (Report - Assessment). SDV64050.

It is suggested that the manor of Charles was administered from Charlestown. With the introduction of the turnpike road along the Bray Valley in the 18th century, however, Charlestown became more remote. Subsequent change has been slight so that below ground remains are likely to have survived well.


Dunkerley, T. + Knights, J., 2006, A Probable Iron Age Hill-fort or Hillside Enclosure at Welcombe Farm, Charles, 10 (Report - Interim). SDV339942.

At the time of Domesday the manor of Charles had six villagers and six smallholders with their families.


Humphreys, C., January 2004, Charlestown Barton, Charles, Devon. Results of a Survey of the Cottages and Outbuildings, a Geophysical Survey and Evaluation Trenches, 2.4-2.5 (Report - Assessment). SDV319898.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1312Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1931. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. VIII. A5 Hardback. 62.
SDV1641Monograph: Grinsell, L. V.. 1970. The Archaeology of Exmoor. The Archaeology of Exmoor: Bideford Bay to Bridgewater. A5 Hardback. 10, 211.
SDV319898Report - Assessment: Humphreys, C.. January 2004. Charlestown Barton, Charles, Devon. Results of a Survey of the Cottages and Outbuildings, a Geophysical Survey and Evaluation Trenches. Southwest Archaeology Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. 2.4-2.5.
SDV339942Report - Interim: Dunkerley, T. + Knights, J.. 2006. A Probable Iron Age Hill-fort or Hillside Enclosure at Welcombe Farm, Charles. A4 Stapled + Digital. 10.
SDV340003Article in Monograph: Reichel, O. J.. 1928 - 1938. The Hundred of Shirwell in Early Times. The Hundreds of Devon. A5 Hardback. 432,433,437,463,464,468,469,475, 481,482,491,560.
SDV340004Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. SS63SE3. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV64050Report - Assessment: Humphreys, C.. 2002. Charlestown Barton, Charles, Devon. Archaeological and Historic Building Assessment. Southwest Archaeology Report. 030207. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV65480Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 1998. Bray Valley Quarries, Brayford: Consolidating Planning Application: Archaeological Assessment. Exeter Archaeology Report. 98.08. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4353 - Geophysical Survey of an Iron Age Enclosure at Welcombe Farm

Date Last Edited:Feb 21 2014 3:09PM