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HER Number:MDV122031
Name:Tollhouse at Bughead Cross

Summary

No longer extant, this building is depicted on historic maps from the 19th century. By the time of the 1940s aerial photograph, it appears to have been demolished.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 733 854
Map Sheet:SX78NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMoretonhampstead
Civil ParishNorth Bovey
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishNORTH BOVEY

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • TOLL HOUSE (Built, XVIII to XIX - 1751 AD? to 1840 AD (Between))

Full description

South West Heritage Trust, 1838-1848, Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments (Cartographic). SDV359954.

The Tithe Map shows a small square structure here; 1010 on the apportionment.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The later 19th century depicts the tollhouse building at Bughead Cross; may have been altered since the earlier map depiction.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Further alteration to the building shown on the early 20th century historic map.


Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

No sign of the building on the aerial photograph and the road layout has been altered by this time; presumably the demolition of the old tollhouse may have occurred at the same time.


Unknown, 2017, Notes on the Bughead Cross Tollhouse (Un-published). SDV361163.

Some background information on turnpike roads and the associated tollhouses. In 1772 the Moretonhampstead Turnpike Trust was responsible for 13 miles of new road between Cherrybrook on Dartmoor and Reedy Gate at Dunsford, where it joined the Exeter Turnpike. It was known as Carter's Road, after the contractor who built it.
There were tollhouses at both ends of the town (Moretonhampstead), at Bughead Cross for travellers from Tavistock and at Toll House Cottage, just east of Steps Bridge (for those coming from Exeter).
All that remains of the Bughead Cross tollhouse is a surprisingly large gateway and substantial stone in the hedge.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #111580 ]
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital).
SDV359954Cartographic: South West Heritage Trust. 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Digital.
SDV361163Un-published: Unknown. 2017. Notes on the Bughead Cross Tollhouse. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV122032Related to: Carter's Road, Moretonhampstead (Monument)
MDV16974Related to: Tavistock to Moretonhampstead road (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 27 2018 4:30PM