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HER Number:MDV122321
Name:Reaves on Hound Tor Down

Summary

Section of ruinous reave running from the tor in a north-easterly direction, towards the medieval farmstead (itself on the site of a hut circle settlement). Further fragments to the south, part of the Rippon Tor system.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 743 787
Map Sheet:SX77NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishManaton
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishMANATON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX77NW86
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77NW/396
  • Old SAM Ref: 28786
  • Pastscape: 899113

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • REAVE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Fleming, A., 1988, The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions (Monograph). SDV229071.

The Honeybag Tor, Chinkwell Tor and Houndtor Down parallel reaves are the Northernmost part of the Rippon Tor parallel reave system, (SX 77 NW 87), aligned WNW-ESE. Two short stretches of reave aligned WNW-ESE, on Houndtor and Honeybag Tor appear to be continuations of the Boundary Stone Reave (SX 77 NE 31) and apparently delimit the Northern edge of the system, although short parallel reaves running at right angles to this alignment do continue Northwards towards a small stream flowing from Houndtor to the East Webburn river.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 1405562, 20/5/1995 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

SX 7440 7880 Prehistoric field system east of Hound Tor. Fragmentary prehistoric field system covering large parts of the area subsequently enclosed during the medieval period. In the area immediately east of Hound Tor is a large prehistoric field which is largely beyond the medieval fields. In this area the wall is 1.6 metres wide and up to 0.7 metres high on average. It is of rubble construction and faced with orthostats in places.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East, Map 8 (Monograph). SDV299725.

Depicted by Butler.


Newman, P. + Probert, S. + Riley, H., 1994, Houndtor Down, Manaton, Devon - A New Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. (Report - Survey). SDV344628.

Centred SX 7450 7880. The reaves south of Hound Tor depicted by Fleming (1988) do not exist on the ground though there are traces of similar features to the east of the tor. Three reaves are visible as low stoney banks up to 1.8 metres wide and 0.6 metres high in the open moorland above the former fields of the Houndtor settlements (SX 77 NW 30 and 63). The two most prominent banks are aligned south-west to north-east and are probably transverse reaves while the third, the longest and more likely to be an axial reave, runs south-east from the tor. All are partially fossilised by the medieval and later field system. Several hut circles (SX 77 NW 92) are visible east of Hound Tor but they are not physically related to the reaves. The field evidence on Houndtor Down confirms the prevailing north-west to south-east axis of the Rippon Tor system, the west-north-west to east-souuth-east orientation displayed at Chinkwell Tor described by Fleming is not typical and is probably a local variation.
For detailed 1:2500 plan and description see SX 77 NW 96.


Newman, P., 2017, An Archaeological Survey of an area affected by burning on Hound Tor Down, Manaton, Devon, 4, Fig. 2 (Report - Survey). SDV361522.

Prehistoric reaves are not commonplace on this sector of the Down to the extent noted elsewhere in this district of south-east Dartmoor. However, traces of a very ruinous reave run approximately west to east across the southern portion of the survey area.


Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, HT5 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 30/06/2019 There is a very well used path that both livestock and human traffic uses which goes directly over the reave at the cross reave point then follows up the side of the reave (North / South) going towards the tor. The East / West reave is covered by bramble & bracken A photo taken at the "cross reave" point


Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, HT5 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 30/06/2019 Photo looking uphill along the north / south reave.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV229071Monograph: Fleming, A.. 1988. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. Hardback Volume.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 1405562, 20/5/1995.
SDV299725Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume. Map 8.
SDV344628Report - Survey: Newman, P. + Probert, S. + Riley, H.. 1994. Houndtor Down, Manaton, Devon - A New Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England.. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Spiral Bound.
SDV361522Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2017. An Archaeological Survey of an area affected by burning on Hound Tor Down, Manaton, Devon. Southwest Landscape Investigations. Digital. 4, Fig. 2.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. HT5.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. HT5.

Associated Monuments

MDV26979Related to: Field system on north side of Hound Tor Down, Manaton (Monument)
MDV25747Related to: Parallel Reave System on Horridge Common (Monument)
MDV26958Related to: Parallel reave system south of Haytor Rocks (Monument)
MDV58430Related to: Structure near Hound Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4759 - RCHME survey on Houndtor Down
  • EDV7556 - Survey on Hound Tor Down

Date Last Edited:Jul 29 2019 10:41AM