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HER Number:MDV122840
Name:Orchard banks, Higher Wotton, Denbury and Torbryan

Summary

Linear earthworks interpreted as tree planting banks of a former post-medieval or 19th century orchard are visible on digital images derived from lidar data captured in 2013, at Higher Wotton, Denbury and Torbryan.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 801 696
Map Sheet:SX86NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishDenbury and Torbryan
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishHOLNE

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Maps and Apportionments (Website). SDV349463.

The earthworks are located within land parcel 65 which is recorded as ‘Higher Orchard’.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

An orchard is depicted in this location.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp1 5020 12-JUL-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352279.

The orchard has been completely cleared of trees.


NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR ST8069 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Linear earthwork banks are visible.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2016-2018, The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV359463.

Parallel earthwork ridges, circa 4.5m wide, are visible on digital images derived from lidar data captured in 2013, at Higher Wotton, Denbury and Torbryan. The visible banks are closely spaced and are aligned parallel to the contours of the southeast facing combe slope, occupying an area of approximately 0.17 hectares. The earthworks are located within land parcel 65 on the Parish Tithe Map which is recorded as ‘Higher Orchard’ on the Tithe Apportionment. An orchard is also shown in this location on the Ordnance Survey First Edition 25-inch map of the late 19th century. The earthworks are therefore interpreted as possible tree planting banks for a post-medieval or 19th century orchard, the fruit trees being established on the banks for increased soil depth and improved drainage. The orchard trees are not visible on aerial photographs taken in 1946 and so had passed out of use by this time.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349463Website: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Maps and Apportionments. http://devon.gov.uk. Website.
SDV352279Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp1 5020 12-JUL-1946.
SDV359463Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2016-2018. The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:2
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR ST8069 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013. [Mapped feature: #113260 ]

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7515 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey (Ref: ACD1748)

Date Last Edited:Sep 5 2018 3:50PM