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HER Number:MDV12294
Name:Spurway's Almshouses, 19-22 Park Street, Crediton


Row of four almshouses, 16th century origins, with major alterations of the early 19th and 20th century. Endowed by Humphry Spurway.


Grid Reference:SS 834 001
Map Sheet:SS80SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCrediton
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCREDITON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS80SW/32
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 387087
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SS80SW18

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ALMSHOUSE (XVI to XIX - 1501 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, SS80SW18 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV339015.

Spurway's Almshouses. Nos 19 to 22, Park Street on south side. Founded 1555.

Lysons, D. + Lysons, S., 1822, Magna Britannica, 149 (Monograph). SDV323771.

Ordnance Survey, 1855-1895, First Edition 1:500 Town Map (Cartographic). SDV338879.

'Spurways Almshouses' shown.

Department of Environment, 1972, Urban District of Crediton, 29 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV39769.

Dated 1557 endowed by Humphry Spurway, 2 storey cob and stone cottages, probably much restored early or mid 19th century, 4 external stone chimneys on front. Early 19th century Tudor style casements. The row is high above the road and has a stone retaining wall and terraced pavement in front.

Timms, S. C., 1980, Proposed Conservation Area at Crediton (Report - non-specific). SDV354697.

Almshouses were often located on the edge of towns and Spurways Almshouses, a 16th century foundation on Park Street, can be seen to define the eastern limits of the historic town plan of West Town.

Mid Devon District Council, 2003, Crediton Conservation Area Appraisal, 2; Photo 2. (Report - non-specific). SDV345978.

WSP Environmental Ltd, 2005, Mill Street, Crediton: Archaeological Assessment, Appendix 1 (Report - Assessment). SDV338960.

Ordnance Survey, 2012, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV348725.

English Heritage, 2012, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV348729.

Park Street (South side) Nos.19-22 (Consecutive) Spurways Almshouses.
Row of 4 almshouses, now used as 2. C16 origins, major alterations of the early C19 and C20. Snecked local volcanic trap, some of the blocks unusually large, front elevation partly plastered, returns and rear elevation roughcast; slate roof, gabled at ends; front lateral stone stacks with renewed brick shafts. Plan: rectangular with C20 single storey lean-tos at the rear. Exterior: 2 storeys. Symmetrical 5-bay front, the 4 shouldered lateral stacks projecting slightly with shoulders. The roof rises in the centre bay which is wider and slightly recessed on the ground floor behind a C19 chamfered timber post. Steps up to the centre indicate that this was a doorway at one time. Behind the post a pair of windows each with a cranked head and sharing the same chamfered timber lintel. The lintel and left hand jamb is late C16, the remainder is C19. Windows glazed with lozenge leaded panes. All other windows are C19: crank-headed 2-light iron casements with lozenge-shaped panes, except for the first floor window in the centre bay which has leaded panes. The bays flanking the centre each have a window on the ground floor with a narrow blocked door alongside and one first floor window. The outer bays have one ground and one first floor window. The centre bay has a West of England fire insurance sign attached. The walling of the left return of the range is very uneven and a stack may have been removed. Rear and return elevations have C20 casements; C20 half-glazed timber doors to the rear. Interior: Not available for inspection at time of survey but may be of interest, including the possibility of an early roof structure. Said to be dated 1557, endowed by Humphry Spurway.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV323771Monograph: Lysons, D. + Lysons, S.. 1822. Magna Britannica. Magna Britannica: A Concise Topographical Account of The Several Counties o. 6: Devonshire. Unknown. 149.
SDV338879Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1855-1895. First Edition 1:500 Town Map. First Edition 1:500 Town Map. Map (Digital).
SDV338960Report - Assessment: WSP Environmental Ltd. 2005. Mill Street, Crediton: Archaeological Assessment. WSP Report. 12262065. A4 Stapled + Digital. Appendix 1.
SDV339015Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. SS80SW18. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV345978Report - non-specific: Mid Devon District Council. 2003. Crediton Conservation Area Appraisal. Mid Devon District Council Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 2; Photo 2..
SDV348725Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2012. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #80444 ]
SDV348729National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2012. National Heritage List for England. Website.
SDV354697Report - non-specific: Timms, S. C.. 1980. Proposed Conservation Area at Crediton. Mid Devon District Council Report. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV39769List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1972. Urban District of Crediton. Historic Houses Register. A4 Comb Bound. 29.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4270 - Mill Street, Crediton

Date Last Edited:Jan 21 2015 1:00PM