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HER Number:MDV123661
Name:Berry Head Fort No. 1: Rampart and Moat

Summary

Stone revetted rampart and dry moat 1795-1804

Location

Grid Reference:SX 941 561
Map Sheet:SX95NW
Admin AreaTorbay
Civil ParishBrixham
DistrictTorbay
Ecclesiastical ParishBRIXHAM

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Torbay HER: MTO20084

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FORT (XVIII to XIX - 1795 AD to 1804 AD)

Full description

Torbay HER record (SMR record). SDV361984.

Three-sectioned stone revetted ramparts, forming a continuous enceinte, guard the west and north sides of Berry Head Common and the main approach to Fort No.3 - approx 300m in length. A 3m deep dry moat with steeply battered scarp and counterscarp stone revetments fronts the rampart itself. On the extreme south side the moat continues to the cliff edge.

The earth ramparts of the two west-facing sections have stone-faced revetments of roughly dressed rubble limestone - the quoins are dressed - and are c. 15m broad at the base; the total height from bottom of moat to the top of the parapet is c.5m. Above on the southwest and northwest facing sections respectively are 12- and 7- splayed gun-embrasures in a stone-revetted parapet 4m wide and 1.3m high; a granite cordon runs below the level of the gun embrasures. The embrasures are made up of fully dressed limestone blocks; the gun platforms of granite moorstone replaced earlier timber ones by 1809. Between each gun platform there is an earthen infantry firing platform - banquettes and behind it a a 2.5-3m wide level terrace or terre-plein for access to the banquettes. The terre-pleins were protected by the rear slope of the rampart, or talus, with access by ramps at each end.

The northern rampart contains no gun embrasures but the the main entrance to the fort, which seems originally to have been via a drawbridge over the dry moat. Its width at the base is 3-5m with a similar stone revetment of limestone. Above, the parapet consists of a masonry wall 0.5m thick with walkways or firing platforms c.1.5m wide and a rear wall 1m high. There are neither banquettes nor a terre-plein behind, the talus slopes striaght into the interior. [1][2] List description is at [3].

<1> Pye, A.R., 1989, Berry Head Fort, Brixham. an Archaeological Assessment, p.32 (* Torbay Report - Interim/Research/Specialist). SDV362497.

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<2> Pye, A.R. & Slater, W.D., 1990, Berry Head Fort, Brixham, An Archaeological Survey, p.9-11; figs 12-14; plates 4-6 (Report - Interim). SDV362493.

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<3> Department of National Heritage, 1993, Revised List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest, 1946-1/2/17; p.14 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV362556.

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Sources / Further Reading

SDV361984SMR record: Torbay HER record.
SDV362497* Torbay Report - Interim/Research/Specialist: Pye, A.R.. 1989. Berry Head Fort, Brixham. an Archaeological Assessment. . EMAFU 89.04. p.32.
Linked documents:1
SDV362493Report - Interim: Pye, A.R. & Slater, W.D.. 1990. Berry Head Fort, Brixham, An Archaeological Survey. . EMAFU 90.10. p.9-11; figs 12-14; plates 4-6.
Linked documents:1
SDV362556List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of National Heritage. 1993. Revised List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. 1946-1/2/17; p.14.

Associated Monuments

MDV123660Part of: Berry Head Fort No. 1, Brixham (Monument)
MDV20084Related to: REDOUBT in the Parish of (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 25 2019 6:31PM