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HER Number:MDV12420
Name:Enclosure east of Langcombe Brook, Shaugh Prior

Summary

A prehistoric enclosure which measures 17m north-south by 18m with faced boulder/stone walling 0.5m high. The east side is difficult to trace in peat and reed cover and an entrance is not discernable.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 607 670
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66NW57
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 441726
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/80
  • Old SAM Ref: 28787

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Alternate Type) RING CAIRN (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))
  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1978, SX66NW57 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV175596.

(27/09/1978) At SX 60716703, on a slight south-west slope at 400m OD, is an enclosure with an internal diameter of 14.0m, formed by a bank of small stones largely overgrown with turf, from which occasional upright and recumbent stones protrude. (see plan).
There are two gaps of 2.0m and 4.0m on the east side with a triangular platform between them. At first sight this seems to be a vermin trap of some kind but the earthfast stones along two of its sides are so low they could not deflect the course of any animal. A 1.0m break in the bank on the west side of the enclosure is possibly an entrance. The interior is featureless.
The enclosure, found during field investigation, is not readily categorised though evidently prehistoric. Its internal diameter and plan could suggest a ring cairn or enclosed cremation cemetery with breaks caused by later mutilation, but the construction is crude and uneven. Nevertheless its isolation, some 200m from the nearest hut circles (SX 66 NW40 and SX 66 NW41), suggests a non-domestic function.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD and at 1:200.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1946/7 RAF aerial photographs.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, B1 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

At SX60696702 an embanked stone circle; an annular bank of earth and/or stones with an inner edge of orthostats. Internal diameter 16 metres with bank 0.8 metres wide and 0.3 metres high. The bank has been pushed out on the south-south-east side and the stones lean outward.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140546, SG038 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Visited on 9th May 1996 At SX60706703. Ring cairn 220 metres north-east of the Langcombe Brook.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 148, Map 50, Site 2 (Monograph). SDV137656.

At Site '2' in the Langcombe valley is a roughly circular enclosure of about 18 metres across bounded by a wall of fair sized slabs, now mostly leaning or flat, set in a low bank. The thickening peat envelops both walls and interior so that the existence of associated hut circles is doubtful, though a few slabs on edge near a gap in the southern perimeter may have been one, and there are also traces of a circular bank against the wall opposite. The slabs may have come from a second larger enclosure to the south which had presumably become redundant, open on this side with less than half the circuit complete. A partly demolished hut circle of circa 3.5 metres diameter lies close to the south side of the boundary and a few metres to the east an even smaller setting of stones of uncertain function.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 304/102.1175 (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(28/02/2002) A prehistoric enclosure which measures 17m (N-S) by 18m with faced boulder/stone walling 0.5m high. The east side is difficult to trace in peat and reed cover and an entrance is not discernable.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Enclosure' shown as a hut circle on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1016145 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

Within scheduled area.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 148, Map 50, Site 2.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 304/102.1175.
SDV175596Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1978. SX66NW57. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. B1.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140546, SG038.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1016145.

Associated Monuments

MDV57441Related to: Cairn or hut circle lying north-east of the Langcombe Brook, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV57423Related to: Cairn or hut circle south of enclosure to the north-east of Langcombe Brook, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV57424Related to: Enclosure 200 metres north-east of the Langcombe Brook, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape

Date Last Edited:Jan 14 2022 9:01AM