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HER Number:MDV124372
Name:Orchards at Chudleigh Knighton, Hennock

Summary

Linear earthworks interpreted as 19th century tree planting banks of former orchards are visible on aerial photographs taken from 1946 onwards and on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017, at Chudleigh Knighton, Hennock.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 843 774
Map Sheet:SX87NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishHennock
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishHENNOCK

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (XIX - 1801 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Orchards are shown in this location.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Orchards are shown in this location.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1824, RAF/CPE/UK/1824 RP 3131-32 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352344.

Linear earthwork banks are visible.

Fairy Surveys Ltd, 1964, FSL/6412 V, FSL/6412 V 2068-69 07-FEB-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV357115.

Linear earthwork banks are visible.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX8477 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

Linear earthwork banks are visible.

GetMapping, 1999 - 2000, Millennium Map 1999-2000 Getmapping (Aerial Photograph). SDV321648.

The orchards have been completely cleared of trees and one of the land parcels has been developed for residential housing.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2018-2019, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley (AI&M) (Interpretation). SDV361305.

Parallel earthwork ridges, circa 5m wide, are visible on aerial photographs taken from 1946 onwards and on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017, at Chudleigh Knighton, Hennock. The visible banks occupy a number of adjacent land parcels. They are closely spaced and are broadly aligned across the contours of the southeast facing combe slope, occupying a combined area of approximately 4 hectares. With exception of the southern two land parcels, the banks all coincide with orchards either depicted on the First or Second Edition Ordnance Survey maps of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The presence of orchards in this location supports the interpretation the earthworks represent evidence of possible 19th century tree planting banks, the fruit trees being established on the earthworks for increased soil depth and improved drainage. The plots remain lightly planted on aerial photographs taken in 1946 and 1964, although have been completely cleared on aerial imagery taken between 1999-2000, with one of the land parcels having been developed for residential housing.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV321648Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 1999 - 2000. Millennium Map 1999-2000 Getmapping. Millennium Map. Photograph (Digital).
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV352344Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1824. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1824 RP 3131-32 04-NOV-1946.
SDV357115Aerial Photograph: Fairy Surveys Ltd. 1964. FSL/6412 V. Fairy Surveys Ltd aerial photograph. Photograph (Paper). FSL/6412 V 2068-69 07-FEB-1964.
SDV361305Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2018-2019. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley (AI&M). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX8477 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #114626 ]

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7515 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey (Ref: ACD1748)

Date Last Edited:Jun 16 2020 1:38PM